2 StressStress - the reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demands.
3 “Good” Stress and “Bad” Stress Stress can be either positive or negative.Positive – EustressNegative - Distress
4 Stressors Stressor - anything that causes stress. People, objects, places, events and situations are all potential stressors.Some stressors affect almost everyone in the same way.Other stressors affect different people in different ways.
5 Stressor Categories 1. Biological Stressors – relating to your body Illnesses, disabilities, injuries2. Environmental Stressors – relating to your physical surroundingsPoverty, pollution, crowding, noise, high crime areas, or natural disasters3. Cognitive, or Thinking StressorsThe way you perceive a situation or how it affects you and the world around you
6 Stressor Categories (cont.) 4. Personal Behavior Stressors – Stressors caused by your own actionsNegative reactions in the body and minded caused by using tobacco, alcohol, or other drugs or by lack of physical activity5. Life Situation Stressors – Events in your life that may cause stressThe death of a pet, the separation or divorce of parents, or having trouble in relationships with peers
7 Perception Perception – the act of becoming aware through the senses. Your perception of a stressor can control the level of stress you experience.Part of how you perceive stressors has to do with your past experiences.
8 The Body’s Response to Stress – 3 Stages Stage 1: AlarmStage 2: ResistanceStage 3: Exhaustion
9 Stage 1: The Alarm Response “Fight or Flight Response”Prepares the body to either defend itself or flee from a threatRelease of Adrenaline – the “emergency hormone” that prepares the body to respond to a stressor.
10 Physical Symptoms Caused by Adrenaline Pupil DilationHearing/Seeing Senses ImproveFaster Heart Rate and PulseIncrease in Perspiration and RespirationRise in Blood PressureNarrowing of Arteries to Internal Organs and SkinIncreased Blood Flow to Muscles and BrainRelease of Blood Sugar, Fats, and CholesterolStomach Acid IncreasesIncrease in Muscle Tension
11 The Power of Adrenaline Your body is briefly able to perform at a higher level of endurance.Example: Lifting an automobile to save a child trapped underneath.
12 Stage 2: ResistanceIf exposure to the stressor continues, your body enters into the Resistance Stage.The body tries to recover from the first stage and functions at higher than normal levels to restore HOMEOSTASIS.
13 HomeostasisHomeostasis – the body’s systems function smoothly and is in a balanced state.
14 Stage 3: ExhaustionIf exposure to stress is prolonged, the body loses its ability to adapt to the situation and exhaustion may set in.Exhaustion – the body is worn down and no longer has enough energy to fight off the stress.Often enter this stage when stress is beyond control.Examples: Divorce, Death, Serious Family ProblemImpaired ability to make good judgements and interact with others.The immune system is weakened and you are more susceptible to diseases or illnesses.
15 Stress and the Immune System The link between the body and the mindThoughts can affect emotions.Emotions can affect physical health.Psychosomatic IllnessA physical reaction that results from stress rather than from an injury or illness.
17 Common “Weak Links” Cont. Glandular System- thyroid gland malfunctionCardiovascular- High Blood pressure, heart attack, abnormal heart beat, strokeImmune System- decreased resistance to infections.
18 Facts About Stress90% of all Americans have high stress levels 1-2 times a week.1/4 of all Americans are subject to crushing levels of stress nearly every day.75-90% of all visits to health care providers result from stress-related disorders.Just among the nation’s executives, an estimated billion dollars are lost each year through absences, hospitalizations, and early deaths, much of this as a result of stress.
19 More Facts About Stress Insurance companies report that stress-related claims account for almost 1/5 of all occupational disease.¼ of all workman compensation claims are for stress-related injuries and researchers estimate that 60-80% of all industrial accidents are related to stress.Stress-related symptoms and illnesses are costing industry an estimated $150 billion/yr.in absenteeism, company and medical expenses, and lost productivity.
20 Check Your Wellness Are you aware of the things that cause you stress? Do you plan your time to avoid last-minute rushes?Do you take time every day to relax and do things you enjoy?Do you get 8 hours of sleep/night, eat a balanced diet, and get regular exercise?
21 Check Your Wellness (cont.) Do you avoid tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs?Can you laugh, cry, and express your emotions freely?Do you share your problems with close friends or family members?Do you know where to get help if the stresses in your life seem overwhelming?