2 Stress Stressor- any new or potentially unpleasant situation Stress Response- the body’s reaction to astressorStress- the combination of a stressor and astress responseStress intervention- Any action thatprevents a stressor from resulting innegative consequences
3 What Causes Stress?Environmental Stressors: conditions or events in your physical environment that cause you stress.Examples: pollution, poverty, crowding, noise.
4 What Causes Stress?Biological Stress: Conditions that make it difficult for your body to take part in daily activities.Examples: having an illness, disability, or an injury
5 What Causes Stress?Thinking Stressors: Any type of mental challenge can cause stress.Example: Taking a test
6 What Causes Stress?Behavioral Stress: Unhealthy behavior, such as not getting enough rest can lead to stress.Example: Using tobacco, alcohol, other drugs. Not getting enough sleep, exercise.
7 What Causes Stress?Life Change Stress: Any major life change, whether positive or negative, can cause stress.Examples: death of a loved one, getting married.
8 Fight or Flight Response The physical changes that prepare your body to respond quickly and appropriately to stressors is called the “Fight or Flight” response.
9 Physical changes of the body due to a stress response More blood goes tothe brain2. Heart beats faster3. Pupils open wider4. Mouth becomes dry5. Breathing speeds up6. Sweating increases7. Muscles tense up 8. More blood goes to the legs/arms 9. Blood pressure increases 10. Hearing improves 11. Adrenal glands secrete adrenaline
10 Long Term Stress Can Make You Sick! Tension headacheCold/fluBackacheTMJHeart DiseaseHigh Blood PressureUlcerInsomniaDepressionStroke
11 Positive StressEustress: A positive stress that energizes one and help one reach a goal.Makes you feel alert and lively. You appear confident and in control
12 Negative StressDistress: Negative stress that can make a person sick or keep a person from reaching a goal.Makes you nervous, forgetful, frightened.
13 Dealing with Stress Take care of yourself! Exercise Get Enough Rest Eat Right
14 Learn to Relax! Relaxation Techniques Meditation- Sit down and close your eyes2. Progressive Relaxation- Tense and relax muscles as your eyes are closed3. Body Scanning- Find one body part that isrelaxed
15 Learn to Relax! Relaxation Techniques 4. Autogenetic Training- imagine that your eyes and legs are heavy5. Laughing6. Yelling or Crying- Go somewhere quiet and let your stress out
16 Change Your Attitude! Use Positive Self Talk Be confident about yourselfDon’t worry about things out of your control
17 Manage Your Time! List and Prioritize Your Projects Arrange priorities by importanceKnow and Set Your LimitsLearn to say “no”Make a ScheduleEnter priorities firstBe realisticPrepare for problemsMake time to relaxDo it!