5 What were challenges to unity in newly formed independent African states? How “Nations” had been formedEthnic RivalriesDifferent LanguagesDifferent ReligionsDifferent TraditionsMost peoples first loyalty is to tribe
6 How and why did dictators gain power in many newly formed independent African states? Many heroes of independence movements create one party dictatorshipsClaim multi-party government hurts unityEventually become repressiveIf civil unrest comes, military leaders seize power in a coup d'état and create new dictatorship
7 How and why did some African states move towards democracy in the 1990s? Western governments and World Bank refuse to loan money if no democracy
8 In what ways are Western Nations (USA, Europe) still involved in control of Africa today? Still control much of economyNeo-colonization=geopolitical practice of using capitalism, business globalization, and cultural imperialism to influence a country
9 Issues in Africa Today Hunger Disease Population Concerns Economic IssuesBrain DrainNatural DisastersChild Labor/ Slavery/ Child SoldiersEnvironmental IssuesCivil WarGenocide
10 Describe the relationship between food requirements and deliveries in Africa
11 Compare and Contrast Africa and America today. USAmillion Africans face starvation-Over 1 million die from famine per year-In East Africa, roughly 15 million face famine-Nutrition levels have decreased 30% in the past 30 years-In 2003, 2 million tons of food relief was delivered-In 20 years, AIDS has killed 9 million farm workers-In some areas 30% of the population has AIDS-US is the most overweight country in world-15% of American kids are overweight, and rising-$117 Billion was spent on obesity related illness-$1 Billion was spent on weight loss drugs-2/3 of Americans are overweight-Only 20% of kids exercise today compared to 80% in the 1960’s-Many schools have snack and soda machines-AIDS affects 1% of US population
24 Sudan Crisis 2003-P Janjaweed Black Africans Muslims Beginnings: Arab Muslim militiaTribesman/NomadsBlack Africans MuslimsVictims of the janjaweedFarmersBeginnings:Black Africans wanted political powerEconomic equality, neglectedJanjaweed used by gov.t’ to expelAnd combat Black Africans rebels
25 -Majority fled to neighboring Chad -2.7 million displaced Refugee Camps-Majority fled to neighboring Chad-2.7 million displaced-Problems: food, water, unsanitary
26 What are some similarities and differences between Rwanda and Sudan?
27 Why have some countries resisted helping Sudan?
28 China and Russia (P5SC) blocked UN Resolutions China is Sudan’s chief diplomatic allyInvests in OilSudan’s military is supplied by Chinese made weapaonsRussia =investment partner/political ally