2 What is a Narrative ?The most important thing to remember about a narrative essay is that it tells a story. It can be a short story, a novel, a drama, or a narrative poem.The author may write aboutan experience or event from his or her pastsomething that happened to somebody else, such as a friend, parent or a grandparenta recent or an ongoing experience or event
3 What is a plotPlot is what happens in a story. Plot consists of a series of related episodes, one growing out of another.The parts of the plot act like the building blocks in a story.
4 What are the parts of the plot? Conflict or ProblemRising actionClimaxFalling actionResolution or conclusion
5 Introduce the problemThe protagonist and antagonist characters are introduced. This is where the reader finds out about the conflict or a problem in the story.The major character must face obstacles to solving his or her problem.
7 Conflict Conflict is a struggle between opposing forces Every plot must contain some kind of conflictStories can have more than one conflictConflicts can be external or internalExternal conflict- outside force may be person, group, animal, nature, or a nonhuman obstacleInternal conflict- takes place in a character’s mind
8 Concept Attainment Lesson Keep your ideas to yourself until I ask you to share.Figure out what these images represent.
35 Conflict Occurs in a story, novel, or a play Main character is challenged some person or forceMain character is fighting with himself in his/her mind
36 Graphic Organizer Model for Notes FictionCartoons, School of RockComic BooksTerm:Example from literature:Example from Real Life:Not real; the events in the story didn’t really happen; the characters in the story are not real peopleDefinition:Draw a picture:HatchetHarry Potter
37 Types of Conflicts External Conflicts Internal Conflicts Person vs. PersonPerson vs. NaturePerson vs. SocietyPerson vs. SupernaturalPerson Vs. TechnologyInternal ConflictsPerson vs. Self
45 Series of events or Rising action A series of events takes place that makes it very hard for the character to get what he or she wants.Conflict builds as the major character faces obstacles to solving his or her problem.Each new obstacle complicates the conflict and helps build to the story’s climax.
47 Climax The climax is the story’s most emotional or suspenseful moment. This is the point at which the conflict is decided one way or another.Reader’s curiosity is at it’s highest at the story’s climax. Make your reader wonder, “How is this going to turn out?”
51 Diagram of a plot Climax Series of events/ Rising Action Resolution/ DenouementBasic situation
52 It’s time to get started…….. Remember that your plot needs to have abeginningconflictrising actiona climaxresolution
53 The viewA story’s point of view depends upon who is narrating, or telling the story.Many effective short stories use the first-person or the third person limited point of view.Choose the first-person point of view if you want readers to put themselves into the story, as if they are the major character. Choose the third-person limited point of view if you want readers to experience the story from a distance, as if they are simply watching the major character.
54 Developing a character Step1: Ask yourself, “What does this character look like?” List details about appearance such as the character’s skin and hair color, height, weight, and style of clothing.Step2: Ask yourself:”What does the reader need to know about this character?”List important facts such as the character’s age, place of residence, and family background.
55 Developing a character Step3: Ask yourself, “What is this character’s personality like?” Is the character quiet? Sociable? A bully? A good student?What does the character like to do?Step4: Is the character round, flat, dynamic, static? How are you going to show how the character is dynamic or static?
56 Planning a story’s setting The setting is where and when the story takes place. It can be a kitchen at night or a soccer field on a Friday evening. It can be the present, the past and the future.Include details about the weather, calendar events, or times of the day in your setting.Use sensory details(tastes, feelings, smells, sights, and sounds) to describe or show your setting.
57 As you write your story….. Use specific narrative action, such as movements, gestures, and facial expression, to tell exactly what your characters are doing and to show their personalities or attitudes.Make sure that all of the action in your story builds to a climax of suspense.
58 EndYour story’s ending should not be just tacked on. It should follow naturally from the story’s events.The problem introduced at the beginning of the story should be resolved.Your story’s outcome can be happy or sad, but make sure that it is believable.Include evidence to show that your character is round, flat, static, or dynamic.