2 What is a Narrative ?Something that tells a story. It can be a short story, a novel, a drama, or a narrative poem.The author may write aboutan experience or event from his pastsomething that happened to another persona recent or an ongoing experience or eventa fiction, a made-up story
3 What is a plotPlot is what happens in a story. Plot consists of a series of related episodes, one growing out of another. The parts of the plot act like the building blocks in a story.
4 What are the parts of the plot? Basic situation (characters, setting)Conflict (problem)Series of events or Rising actionClimaxResolution (Conclusion)
5 Basic situationThe basic situation introduces the characters and what they want. This is where the reader usually finds out about the conflict or a problem in the story.The major character must face obstacles to solving his or her problem.
7 Conflict (problem) Conflict is a struggle between opposing forces Every plot must contain some kind of conflictStories can have more than one conflictConflicts can be external or internalExternal conflict- outside force may be person, group, animal, nature, or a nonhuman obstacleInternal conflict- takes place in a character’s mind
9 Series of events or Rising action A series of events takes place that makes it very hard for the character to get what he or she wants.Conflict builds as the major character faces obstacles to solving his or her problem.Each new obstacle complicates the conflict and helps build to the story’s climax.
11 Climax The climax is the story’s most emotional or suspenseful moment. This is the point at which the conflict is decided one way or another.Reader’s curiosity is at it’s highest at the story’s climax. Make your reader wonder, “How is this going to turn out?”
15 Diagram of a plot Climax Series of events/ Rising Action Resolution/ DenouementBasic situation
16 It’s time to get started…….. Remember that your plot needs to have a:beginning (characters)conflictrising actiona climaxconclusion
17 It’s time to get started…… To grab the reader’s attention and quickly introduce your story’s character’s, setting, point of view and conflict, try one of these opener suggestions.Start with dialogue (quotes), letting a character speak to set the scene.Start with action, jumping right into the conflict and describing the setting and the characters as part of the action.
18 The viewA story’s point of view depends upon who is narrating, or telling the story.First person uses the word “I” - limitedThird person uses the words “he” or “she” - unlimited
19 Developing a character Step1: Ask yourself, “What sets this character apart from others?” List details that relate this character to other characters.Step2: Ask yourself:”What does the reader need to know about this character?”List important facts such as the character’s age, place of residence, and family background.
20 Developing a character Step3: Ask yourself, “What is this character’s personality like?” Is the character quiet? Sociable? A bully? A good student?What does the character like to do?Choose only the traits that are important to the story.
21 ConclusionIt should not be too long. The main action has already happened.