Presentation on theme: "The Benefits of Healthy Exercise Habits on Human Physiology"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Benefits of Healthy Exercise Habits on Human Physiology THE DO’s and DON’T’S
2 5/15/2015AIM: I Know the Benefits of Healthy Exercise Habits On the Human Body SystemDO NOW: Answer in your notebookWhat are some benefits of physical activity that you can think of?
3 Homework 1. Identify the 4 components of fitness? 2. What changes occur when you engage in vigorous exercise?3. List 3 physical benefits of exercise
4 CHAPTER VOCABULARYAerobic respiration-Increased O2, non stop, repetitive, strenuous exercise that last more than 20 minutesAnaerobic respiration-intense physical activity lasts only a few seconds to a few minutesBody Composition-The amount of lean fat compared to lean tissue (bones and muscleCardio Respiratory endurance: The ability of your heart, blood vessels, and lungs to distribute Oxygen and nutrients
5 CHAPTER VOCABULARYEndurance: the capacity of something to last or to withstand wear and tearExercise: activity requiring physical effort, carried out especially to sustain or improve health and fitness.Fitness: the condition of being physically fit and healthyFlexibility: the quality of bending easily without breakingHormone: A substance that acts as a chemical messenger in the bodyMuscular strength endurance: The ability of muscles to keep working for an extending period of timeMetabolism: The chemical process by which the body breaks down food to obtain energy
6 MYTHES and FACTS No Pain No Gain= Sit-ups will reduce fat in just the stomach areaDrinking water before exercise can cause stomach crampsThin people who do not exercise are likely to have poor heart, lung, and muscular fitness.
7 MYTHS & FACTS CONTINUED Woman have less muscle tissue than men. They also have a balance of HORMONE That prevents the development of large muscle massHormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activity of certain cells or organs)
8 4 main health related parts of physical fitness? 1. Cardiorespiratory endurance2. Muscular strength and endurance3. Flexibility4. Body composition
9 What is Fitness? Fitness means being fit. What does it mean to be fit? Having energy for the whole dayBeing able to deal with stressHaving self-confidenceMaintaining healthy weight
10 Physical Benefits of Exercise Strong musclesStrong coordinationHealthy heart and lungsHealthy weight
11 Identify Physical Benefits: Strong musclesexcellent physical benefitWeak musclesbenefit of not exercisingHealthy heartimportant physical benefitUnhealthy lungs
12 Mental benefits Exercise makes you feel energetic It relieves stress It gives you self-confidence
13 Identify Mental Benefits: It relieves stressimportant mental benefitIt gives you self-confidenceIt gives you the feeling of tirednessfalse mental benefit
14 Social Benefits Exercise allows you to meet new people Friends encourage youFriends motivate
15 Identify Social Benefits: Motivationvery helpful social benefitNew friendsexciting social benefit“You can’t do it!”negative and false social benefit
16 Develop Muscle Strength Strength means being physically strong To develop strength, you pull or push against force (push or a pull/capacity to do work or cause physical change) Example: - Lifting weights
17 DO• Write down your fitness goals. You’re more likely to stick with a program once you have set some specific goals. •.
18 DOAssess your current fitness level before starting an exercise program.( to establish goals that meet your specific fitness needs• Consider talking with your health care provider before embarking on a fitness program, particularly if you are struggling with a health condition such as diabetes or obesity
19 DO warm-up before your workout and cool down afterward. • Change your workout routine. If you do the same exercise everyday, you’ll get tired/bored• Work out with a friend. You’ll help motivate each other.• Drink plenty of water before, during and after your workouts.• Start small. Aim for just minutes of exercise when you're just starting out
20 DONTDon’t overdo it! Try doing too much at once and you’ll burn out quickly. Slowly increase the intensity of your workouts.Don’t • Over-train. Your body needs time to recover in between workouts• Skip breakfast. Eating breakfast will jump-start your metabolism and provide you with the energy you need to get through the day.• Skip stretching. Do it after every workout.• Skimp on sleep. It'll give you the energy you need to focus on your exercises.• Set unrealistic goals. A healthy rate of weight loss is 1-2 pounds per week. If you have 50 pounds to lose, don’t expect it to come off overnight--you’ll set yourself up for disappointment.• Compare your successes and failures to others. Everyone is unique, and what works for some may not work for others.• Work out randomly. Work out on a consistent schedule to maximize the benefits and help you form the habitt. .• Give up. Consider talking with a friend in times of discouragemen
21 DON’T• Forget to reward yourself on occasion. Just don't use food as your rewards.One of the most common mistakes first-timers make is taking on too much at once. You’ll be too sore and too tired within a few short days to continue. Always start out slowly, ALWAYS.
22 Develop EnduranceEndurance means that your muscles can work for a long period of time without getting tiredExample:Aerobic exerciseRunning
23 Develop FlexibilityFlexibility is the ability to move your joint through full range of motion Stretching exercises will develop flexibility Examples: - Yoga
24 Strength and Endurance What will lifting weights will improve? - Muscle strength What will swimming improve for your body? - Muscle endurance
25 Flexibility – Feel and Look Good What will yoga improve for your body?FlexibilityIf you will exercise on the regular basis, how will you feel and look?- Feel energetic and look good