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Physical Activity for Life Lesson Two Fitness and You Pgs 80-86.

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Presentation on theme: "Physical Activity for Life Lesson Two Fitness and You Pgs 80-86."— Presentation transcript:

1 Physical Activity for Life Lesson Two Fitness and You Pgs 80-86

2 Health Elements of Fitness These areas determine whether or not you are physically fit: Cardiorespiratory endurance Muscular strength Muscular endurance Flexibility Body composition

3 Cardiorespiratory Fitness The ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to supply oxygen for long periods of time during moderate to vigorous exercise Measurement: mile run and step test

4 Muscular Strength The amount of force a muscle can exert Measurement: push- ups and sit-ups

5 Muscular Endurance The ability of the muscles to perform physical tasks over a period of time without becoming tired Measurement: sit-ups and arm hang

6 Flexibility The ability to move a body part through a full range of motion Measurement: sit-and- reach

7 Body Composition The ratio of body fat to lean tissue, including muscle, bone, and connective tissue Measurement: skinfold test

8 Improving Your Fitness Aerobic Exercise: continuous activity that lasts at least 20 minutes requiring large muscle groups (“with oxygen”) Anaerobic Exercise: intense short bursts of activity (“without oxygen”)

9 Improving Cardiorespiratory Fitness Choose aerobic exercise that increases the heart rate and improves lung capacity Cycling Swimming Jogging Dancing

10 Improving Muscular Fitness Choose anaerobic exercises such as Resistance/Strength training Sprinting Jumping/Plyometrics

11 Improving Flexibility Do gentle stretching exercises and hold each for at least 20 seconds Activities like yoga, martial arts, dance, and gymnastics also improve flexibility

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