Presentation on theme: "The Judicial Branch November 10, 2014 Standard: SS8CG4"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Judicial Branch November 10, 2014 Standard: SS8CG4 The student will analyze the role of the judicial Branch in Georgia state government.
2 The Judicial BranchThe Judicial branch of our state government consists of the state’s ______Their job is to ________ the state ______________, protect the _______ rights of the citizens, and enforce the ______ of the state
3 Interpreting Laws/Ensuring Justice Courts enforce ______________ laws, ___________ laws (those passed by the General Assembly), administrative laws (regulations of executive branch agencies), and ______ laws (interpretations of written laws)They protect citizens from abuse by government by ensuring each citizen has “_______________________”
4 Due Process of LawDue process is guaranteed by the ________________________ (____ Amendment)This means that anyone arrested for a crime has the _______ to have a lawyer present during questioningThey must be given a speedy, public _______ before a fair judge and juryThey may face and questions _____________, or they can remain silent so as not to incriminate (blame) themselves (“plead the _____”)
5 Structure of CourtsThe _________-ranking court in Georgia is the ____________________The __________ highest-ranking court is the Court of ___________ (appellate courts)At the bottom are the _________ courts
6 The Georgia Supreme Court Justices There are ____ Supreme Court justices (judges)They are elected by popular vote to ____-year termsSupreme Court justices elect the _______________ from among themselvesThe Chief Justice not only serves as the ______ of the Georgia Supreme Court, but also as the head of the _________________ of Georgia’s government
7 Duties of the Supreme Court The Supreme Court is an _____________ courtIt only reviews cases on appeal from lower courtsThere are no witnesses or juriesAnother responsibility is to interpret the state ________________It may review cases involving the constitutionality of lawsIt automatically reviews __________________ casesIt regulates the admission of attorneys to practice law in GeorgiaTheir decisions are __________ (final)
8 Court of Appeals _________ judges serve on this court They _______ one of their members to be Chief JudgeThey are elected by popular _____ to serve __________ termsLike the Supreme Court, this is an ____________ courtIt only hears cases appealed from lower courts
9 Trial CourtsTrial courts hear ___________ cases, either criminal or civil – each court has _____________ (the range of actions over which the court has control or influence)These courts include 188 superior courts in 49 circuits (regions), 70 state courts, 159 _________ (dealing with wills) courts, 159 ___________ (cases involving people under the age of 17) courts, and 159 ___________ (minor civil matters involving sums less than $15,000) courtsOver 400 municipal (city) courts and special courts are also part of the trial courts
10 Criminal LawA criminal case is one involving a _________ of the ______The _______ (prosecution) brings criminal charges against a person and trial determines the guilt of the ____________ (person on trial)Crimes are divided into ____ categoriesA __________ is serious crimeA ________________ is a less serious crime
11 Felonies in GeorgiaIn Georgia, a felony is punishable by a ________________ in prison, a fine of ___________________, or bothExamples of felonies in Georgia are _________, drug crimes, _________ robbery (use a weapon), ____________ homicide (kill someone with your car), and shoplifting of goods valued over _______
12 Misdemeanors in Georgia A misdemeanor is punishable by ______ than a year in prison, a fine of ____________ $1,000, or bothExamples of misdemeanors in Georgia include ________ violations, _____________ (on property not your own without permission), writing bad checks, and shoplifting items valued less than _______
13 JuriesAn important part of Georgia’s court system is the concept of a _____ trial (a trial before one’s peers)There are ____ types of juries – a grand jury and a trial juryThe ________ jury determines whether or not persons accused of crimes will be ___________ (officially charged) and required to stand trialA _____ jury is a group of citizens whose job it is to judge a person charged with a crime
14 Civil LawCivil lawsuits are ___________ (disputes between two or more people or groups)Civil law cover issues such as ____________, property rights, _____________________, child custody, and inheritanceThe person or group who brings the legal action (sues) is called the __________The person or group who the action is against (being sued) is called the _____________
15 Settling Disputes Peacefully There are several ways to settle civil matters peacefullyFiling a __________________________: a neutral third party (mediator) meets with the opposing sides and helps them reach an agreement (the opposing sides reach the agreement)__________________: a neutral third party (arbitrator) meets with the opposing sides to reach an agreement but the arbitrator makes the agreement________________: each side gives up something in order to settle the dispute_______________: discussing an issue in order to resolve it_________________: opposing parties work together to identify common ground________________: seeking change while rejecting violence
16 Questions: 1) What does the judicial branch consist of? 2) What is the job of the judicial branch?3) What guarantees due process of law?4) What are the steps to ensure due process of law has been followed?5) List the courts in order of rank (highest to lowest)6) How many supreme court justices are there?7) How long is a term for a supreme court justice?8) How is the Chief Justice selected?9) What type of court is the supreme court?10) What are the responsibilities of the Supreme Court?
17 More questions: 11) How many judges serve on the court of appeals? 12) How long is a term for an appeals court judge?13) What type of cases does the appeals court hear?14) What types of cases are heard in trial courts?15) What is jurisdiction?16) What does a criminal case involve?17) Who is the prosecution and who is the defendant in a criminal case?18) What are the two categories of crimes in Georgia?19) How is a felony punishable in Georgia?20) What are some examples of felonies in Georgia?21) How is a misdemeanor punishable in Georgia?
18 More questions: 22) What are some examples of misdemeanors in Georgia? 23) What is a jury trial?24) What is a grand jury?25) What is a trial jury?26) What is a civil lawsuit?27) What kinds of issues can be covered in civil lawsuits?28) Who is the plaintiff and who is the defendant in a civil case?29) What are the 7 ways to settle a dispute peacefully?