US Constitution says no state can deprive any citizen of life, liberty, or property without due process of law. A person arrested for a crime has a right to have a lawyer present during questioning. A person must be given a speedy, public trial before a fair judge and jury. They may face and question witnesses or they can remain silent so as not to incriminate (blame) themselves.
Municipal Court – Limited jurisdiction ordinance violations, criminal preliminaries, traffic Magistrate Court - Limited jurisdiction, search and arrest warrants, felony and misdemeanor preliminaries, county ordinances Probate Court – limited jurisdiction, exclusive jurisdiction in probate of wills, administration of estates, appointment of guardians, involuntary hospitalizations, marriage licenses
Juvenile Court – limited jurisdiction, deprived, unruly, delinquent juveniles, juvenile traffic State Court – limited jurisdiction, civil law cases except cases within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Superior Court Superior Court – General jurisdiction, civil law actions, misdemeanors and other cases, exclusive jurisdiction over divorce, title to land and felonies
Court of Appeals – Appellate jurisdiction over trial courts in cases which the Supreme Court has no exclusive appellate jurisdiction Supreme Court – Appellate jurisdiction over cases of constitutional issues, title to land, validity of wills, habeas corpus, divorce, election contests, convictions of capital felonies, certified questions from Court of Appeals