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Published byLindsay Dorsey Modified over 7 years ago
State Judicial Branch
What is the purpose of the courts?
The courts protect citizens from abuses by government by ensuring that each citizen has “due process of law.”
What are the 3 levels of courts in Georgia?
The three levels of courts in Georgia are State Supreme Court Court of Appeals Trial Courts
How are judges selected for the court system in Georgia?
Judges are elected for 6 year terms If a judge dies, resigns or is impeached the governor appoints someone for the remainder of the term
Which are appellate courts and what is their function?
Appellate Courts - Supreme Court and Court of Appeals Review cases from lower courts
What type of case must the Georgia Supreme Court hear on appeal?
Supreme Court must hear appeals in which the death penalty is given as the sentence.
Which courts come under Trial Courts?
Trial Courts Superior Court State Court Juvenile Court Probate Court Magistrate Court Municipal Court
What types of cases are heard in Trial Courts?
Trial courts hear original criminal and civil cases.
What is the difference between criminal and civil trials
Civil trials deal with disputes between two or more persons or groups criminal trials involve violations of the law.
What is due process?
US Constitution says no state can deprive any citizen of life, liberty, or property without due process of law. A person arrested for a crime has a right to have a lawyer present during questioning. A person must be given a speedy, public trial before a fair judge and jury. They may face and question witnesses or they can remain silent so as not to incriminate (blame) themselves.
Types of Courts
Municipal Court – Limited jurisdiction ordinance violations, criminal preliminaries, traffic Magistrate Court - Limited jurisdiction, search and arrest warrants, felony and misdemeanor preliminaries, county ordinances Probate Court – limited jurisdiction, exclusive jurisdiction in probate of wills, administration of estates, appointment of guardians, involuntary hospitalizations, marriage licenses
Juvenile Court – limited jurisdiction, deprived, unruly, delinquent juveniles, juvenile traffic State Court – limited jurisdiction, civil law cases except cases within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Superior Court Superior Court – General jurisdiction, civil law actions, misdemeanors and other cases, exclusive jurisdiction over divorce, title to land and felonies
Court of Appeals – Appellate jurisdiction over trial courts in cases which the Supreme Court has no exclusive appellate jurisdiction Supreme Court – Appellate jurisdiction over cases of constitutional issues, title to land, validity of wills, habeas corpus, divorce, election contests, convictions of capital felonies, certified questions from Court of Appeals
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