Essential Questions What is the function of a verb? CCSS 3.1.a Explain the function of nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs in general and their functions in particular sentences. Are there important academic vocabulary words that I need to apply when discussing verbs? CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.2.D Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic. What are the different classifications of verbs? CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.L.3 Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening. How do I apply verbs to create vivid text for my reader?
Function of a Verb A verb is one of the most important parts of the sentence. It tells the subjects actions, events, or state of being. It is always found in the predicate of a sentence.
Classifications of Verbs Action Being Verbs (To be) Linking Helping/Main Verbs Infinitives (to + verb) to go, to talk, to walk
Action Verbs Action Verbs (AV) express physical or mental action of the subject. PhyscialMental
The words are action verbs: coughed swallowed awake ran ride sang
Can you find the action verb in each sentence? 1. The girls danced in the recital. The girls danced in the recital. 2. Our mailman drove a funny car last week. Our mailman drove a funny car last week. 3. His teacher wrote the answers on the board. His teacher wrote the answers on the board. 4. Alice worked on her homework last night. Alice worked on her homework last night. Move On
Yes, that word is an action verb! Try another sentence Move On
Linking Verbs A linking verb is a verb which connects a subject to its predicate without expressing action. A linking verb connects, or links, the subject to a word or word group that identifies or describes the subject. These verbs do not express action. They simply link or connect information to the subject.
Common Linking Verbs appear become – Always Linking feel grow look seem – Always Linking remain smell sound stay taste turn To Be Verbs – Always Linking am is are was were will be was being has been had been
Application: Burt is the gardener’s assistant. He seems afraid of the swans. One swan looks angry. In fact, the swans are hungry. They become very active after Burt feeds them.
Action or Linking? There are some words (sense words) that will be linking or action verbs depending on how they are used in a sentence. For example: The popcorn smells good. Smells is used as a linking verb. I smelled the flowers as I walked through the garden. Smelled is used as an action verb.
How Do I Know? We carefully tasted the steaming chili. Action or Linking? The milk tasted fresh. Action or Linking? Dad turned towards my mom to ask her a question. Action or Linking? Hannah just turned seventeen. Action or Linking?
Independent Practice The boy appears calm after the fire alarm. ________________ The keys appeared on the table after they had been missing. ____________ The audience grew quiet. __________ The flowers grew taller from all the rain. The boys feel tired after their long hike. _______________ I feel the cold, wet rain against my skin. ___________________
To Be Verbs amhas beenmay be ishave beencan be are had been should be was will be might be were would have been
Helping or Auxiliary Verbs A helping/auxiliary verb works with a main verb to help you understand what action is taking place. was using Elmer was using the computer.
Helping Verbs/Helpful Hints: Other things to keep in mind: Not every sentence will have a helping verb with the main verb. When you see a verb ending in “ing” such as "running", be on the lookout for a helping verb.
Helping Verbs Sometimes there is another word which separates the helping verb from the main verb. One common example is "not", as in: The boy couldn't find his socks. The helping verb is could and the main verb is find. Not is a …..
23 Helping Verbs may might must be being been am are is was were (main) do does did (main) should could would have had has (main) will can shall
Helping Verbs A sentence may contain up to three helping verbs to the main verb. Example: The dog must have been chasing the cat. The helping verbs are: must, have, and been. The main verb is chasing. HV + MV = VP http://www.quia.com/rr/121293.html
Present verbs present tense verb An action verb that describes an action that is happening now is called a present tense verb. flies The bird flies through the sky. Flies Flies is a present tense verb because it is happening right now.
Present tense verbs s esies Many present tense verbs end with s, but some end with es, or ies. s sleeps es splashes ies cries
Past Verbs Verbs which tell about actions which happened some time ago are past tense verbs. wanted The dog wanted a bone. Wanted is a past tense verb because the action has already happened.
Past tense verbs ed, d, ied Many past tense verbs end with ed, but some end with d, or ied. clapped played tried
Future Verbs Verbs which tell about actions which are going to happen are future tense verbs. We will awaken at six a.m. Will awaken Will awaken is a future tense verb because the action has not yet happened.
Future tense verbs Future tense verbs use special words to talk about things that will happen: will, going to, shall, aim to, etc. going to start shall email will enjoy
Online Verb Games Hit the Back Arrow on your browser to return. Take Dave’s Quiz Helping Verb Quiz Print and complete the Action Verb Worksheet Find the Verb Game Jeopardy Challenge Board Present and Past Tense Matching Game Verb Machine
More Verb Activities Irregular Verb Worksheet Verb Concentration Game ANTS PICNIC (Irregular Verb Game) ANTS PICNIC Verb Worksheet MAIN