Presentation on theme: "Homework Quiz on India Tuesday (25 multiple choice questions – 20 minutes). Start studying!"— Presentation transcript:
1 HomeworkQuiz on India Tuesday (25 multiple choice questions – 20 minutes). Start studying!
2 Do NowComplete the blank areas on the comparison chart.
3 Hinduism vs. Buddhism Goal: Moksha Views on Caste System: Strongly in favor of itGods: 33,000 separate deitiesView on Women: Patriarchal, women are inferior (represented by the ritual of sati).Goal: NirvanaViews on Caste System: Rejects it (anyone can achieve Nirvana, regardless of class)Gods: Buddha rejects the idea of multiple gods, does not want to be worshipped as a godView on Women: They are a distraction, should be banned from monastic orders. Later, Buddha allows them to join, but they have lesser positions than men.
4 Aim: How were empires in India influenced by Buddhism and Hinduism? October 23, 2014
5 I. The Mauryan Empire (324 B.C. – 183 B.C.) A. For centuries, the Aryansbrought little unity to India.Eventually the Persians,later Alexander the Greatconquer India.B. In 324 B.C. ChandraguptaMaurya creates The MauryanEmpire, the first dynasty EVER tounite most of India. Rules as adictator
6 I. The Mauryan Empire (324 B.C. – 183 B.C.) C. Asoka (ruled 269 B.C.-232 B.C.) –Grandson of Chandragupta.Considered to be the greatestruler in the history of India.Begins his reign fighting bloodywars, but eventually changes. Why?Achievements:
7 II. The Gupta Empire: India’s Golden Age (320 A.D. - 500 A.D.) A. Hindu Empire with many achievements:• Math– concept of zero– decimal system based on thenumber 10– Arabic Numerals (0-9)• Medicine– plastic surgery– vaccine against smallpox• Architecture– Stone temples to Hindu gods– Stupas- Buddhist shrines that contained remains of holy people
8 Concluding QuestionHow would you persuade a Hindu to convert to Buddhism? Discuss at least two aspects of Buddhism that might appeal to him/her. In doing so, make sure to point out any similarities or differences between these two religions that may apply to your own argument.