Presentation on theme: "India. Hinduism 1500 BC Beginnings Polytheistic religion dating back to the Aryan Invasion Cannot be traced back to a single founder. Vedas: collection."— Presentation transcript:
Beginnings Polytheistic religion dating back to the Aryan Invasion Cannot be traced back to a single founder. Vedas: collection of hymns and religious ceremonies of the Hindus that were passed down orally and eventually written down Religion is a way for you to free your soul from the disappointments, illusions, and mistakes of everyday existence.
Beliefs The goal is to reach Moksha= perfect understanding reincarnation : being reborn after death in a different situation in life Karma : a persons actions on earth that will determine how the soul will be reborn Have three main gods: Brahma (creator), Vishnu (protector), Shiva (destroyer)
Jainism Believe all things in the universe have a soul and so you should not be violent.
The Maurya Empire 321 BC Chandragupta Maurya: first ruler Began in the Ganges Valley Well organized Government with Bureaucracy: arm of the government (CPS, FEMA, FBI, FDA, etc.), very nice roads Secret Police with harsh punishments for broken rules
Asoka 302-232 BC Grandson of C.M. After a successful war he converted to Buddhism Renounced violence and led by moral example Prosperous time with parks and organization However, the empire fell apart after his death
Beginnings Founded by Siddhartha Gautama (530 BC) He was a noble in the mountains of northern India
Quest At 29 he left and explored the world and decided to explore until he found wisdom or enlightenment. He tried fasting and debating religious people but did not achieve enlightenment After sitting under a fig tree for 49 days he became enlightened He was then called Buddha meaning enlightened one.
Beliefs During his enlightenment he decided on 4 Noble Truths: 1)Everything in life is suffering and sorrow 2)Selfish desire causes suffering 3) The way to end suffering is to end all desires 4)You must follow the eight fold path to overcome desires and reach enlightenment.
Cont. You also had to follow the Eightfold Path. This path was like a stairway you had to make your way up to reach Nirvana (pure enlightenment and release from pain and suffering) They follow many Hindu beliefs like reincarnation, non-violence, self-denial, to seek oneness with the “Great Word Soul” However, rejects numerous gods and the caste system
The Spread Traders would find out about the religion and spread it to their homelands. This is how most religions spread. India remained mostly Hindu but there are many believers in India.
Golden Age of India 300 AD Unified by Chandra Gupta I Controlled by regional leaders Came up with Arabic numerals Concept of zero Had a vaccine for smallpox 1,000 yrs before Europe! Huge Hindu temples built Advancements in literature, astronomy, medicine, and mathematics.
Recap of Advancements in India Astronomy: Earth is round Mathematics: modern #s, zero, decimals, value of pi to 4 decimal places (Aryabhata) Sophisticated medical guides and complex surgery including plastic surgery 3.1415