2 Review What is the geography of India? What two belief systems developed in India?Mountains in the NortheastCalm and predictably flooding Indus riverWhat weather pattern helped establish the Monsoon Marketplace?Why don’t we have much information about the ancient Indians?We can not translate their ancient languageMonsoons- seasonal winds
3 Maurya India 321-185 BCE Chandragupta Maurya conquered North India Chandragupta was able to unite most of northern India, and his descendantscontinued to grow the empire.
4 Mauryan India Set up a bureaucracy Created more roads and harbors to lead more trade= InfrastructureMaurya was a ruthless dictator. He used a secret police to spy on the people, looking for crime and corruption.
5 BureaucracyForm of government where appointed officials collect taxes, oversee building projects and agricultureBureaucracies help the government handle the workload of maintaining a stable governmentEmperorFinancial appointeeAgricultural appointeeTax collectorFinancial officialsAgricultural appointeesTax collectors
6 Ashoka the Great The grandson of Maurya led from 268 BCE Ashoka began as a typical king, leading a military conquest of Northern India and more than doubled the Indian empireDynasty!!
7 Ashoka the GreatAshoka was horrified by the deaths of his men, over 100,000 deadAshoka rejected further conquest and created a peaceful nationHe Converted to Buddhism and promised to rule though moral example9:20
8 Ashoka and BuddhismAshoka adopted the tenements (rules) of Buddhism including- Four Noble Truths- Eightfold path- Peace to allAshoka continued to expand his empire through peaceful conquest, good leadership and tolerance
9 Edict: An official order from the government (king) Rock Edict PillarsAshoka built roads, harbors, hospitals and other public works.Peace and prosperity reined ushering in another Golden AgeAshoka set up Rock Edict Pillars around the Empire, spreading the laws and beliefsEdict: An official order from the government (king)
10 Gupta India CEGolden Age: peace and prosperity led to cultural and intellectual achievements-Trade and farming flourished-Developed Arabic numerals and the concept of Zero-Plastic surgery-Vaccines
11 Gupta MathThe Gupta Indians developed Arabic Numerals to replace Roman NumeralsThey also developed the concept of zeroArabic numerals simplify math
12 Hinduism SpreadsAs Hinduism spread throughout India the Caste System took hold.Caste determined where people live, what they eat, how they dress and what jobs they can haveUntouchables were shunned and had to live separate and do “dirty” jobs. Untouchables had to announce their arrival with a wooden clapper so people could avoid them
13 Hindu Women Patriarchal- Led by Men India was a Patriarchal Society Hindu Women achieved Dharma by obeying their husbandHigher caste women had to be covered head to foot, while lower castes worked in the fields or textile factoriesThe Ultimate act of loyalty: SatiSati- wives would burn themselves on their husbands funeral pyre
14 SatiComprehending why a woman would choose to commit sati, however, requires the removal of our western lenses. The act of self-immolation of widows on their husband’s funeral pyre may be construed as a horrific act by the Westerner but in India cases of sati have been documented in their culture for hundreds of years (Oldenburg 1994: 165). More important, the symbolic significance of sati is intricately intertwined in the Hindu belief system.
15 Review Mauryan Empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya Ashoka BindusaraHarshavardhana
16 Review What Religion did Ashoka practice that influenced his reign? 1) Hinduism2)Judaism3) Taoism4) Buddhism
17 Review Ashoka Spread his laws and beliefs around India on what? Rosetta StonePyramid wallsParchment ScrollsRock Pillar Edicts