Presentation on theme: "The National Geography Standards"— Presentation transcript:
1 The National Geography Standards Geography For LifeThe NationalGeography Standards
2 The Six Essential Elements North Carolina Geographic AlliancePowerPoint Presentations2007
3 The World in Spatial Terms Geography studies the relationships between people, places, and environments by mapping information about them into a spatial context.
4 The World in Spatial Terms The geographically informed person knows and understands:How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspectiveHow to use mental maps to organize information about people, places, and environments in a spatial contextHow to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth’s surface
5 Places and RegionsThe identities and lives of individuals are rooted in particular places and in those human constructs called regions
6 Places and RegionsThe geographically informed person knows and understandsThe physical and human characteristics of placesThat people create regions to interpret Earth’s complexityHow culture and experience influence people’s perceptions of places and regions
7 Physical SystemsPhysical processes shape Earth’s surface and interact with plant and animal life to create, sustain, and modify ecosystems
8 Physical SystemsThe geographically informed person knows and understandsThe physical processes that shape the patterns of Earth’s surfaceThe characteristics and spatial distributions of ecosystems on Earth’s surface
9 Human SystemsPeople are central to geography in that human activities help shape Earth’s surface, human settlements and structures are part of Earth’s surface and humans compete for control of Earth’s surface.
10 Human SystemsThe geographically informed person knows and understands:The characteristics, distribution, and migration of human populations on Earth’s surfaceThe characteristics, distribution, and complexity of Earth’s cultural mosaicsThe patterns and networks of economic interdependence on Earth’s surfaceThe processes, patterns, and functions of human settlementHow the forces of cooperation and conflict among people influence the division and control of Earth’s surface
11 Environment and Society The physical environment is modified by human activities, largely as a consequence of the ways in which human societies value and use Earth’s natural resources, and human activities are also influenced by Earth’s physical features and processes.
12 Environment and Society The geographically informed person knows and understands:How human activities modify the physical environmentHow physical systems affect human systemsThe changes that occur in the meaning, use, distribution, and importance of resources
13 The Uses of GeographyKnowledge of geography enables people to develop an understanding of the relationships between people, places, and environments over time - that is, of Earth as it was, is, and might be.
14 The Uses of Geography How to apply geography to interpret the past The geographically informed person knows and understands:How to apply geography to interpret the pastHow to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future
15 The World in Spatial Terms Maps are the language of geography. They show the physical landscape and the human imprint on the land.
16 Places and RegionsRegions can be based on physical or human characteristics. Regions are places that share common characteristics such as land forms, river systems, religions, languages, or ethnicity.Regions, as human constructs, can and do change.
17 Physical SystemsPhysical processes have shaped the Earth. These dynamic processes continue to change the landscape. Often humans coexist with natural hazards created by these natural processes.
18 Physical SystemsEcosystems share common plant and animal life as well as physical characteristics such as climate and geology.
19 Human SystemsThe characteristics and complexity of Earth’s cultural mosaics.
20 The processes, patterns and functions of human settlement Human SystemsThe processes, patterns and functions of human settlement
21 Environment and Society How humans interact with their environments
22 How to apply geography to interpret the past The Uses of GeographyHow to apply geography to interpret the past