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Themes and Elements of Geography

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Presentation on theme: "Themes and Elements of Geography"— Presentation transcript:

1 Themes and Elements of Geography
Chapter 1 Section 1

2 Geographers try to answer 2 questions:
Where are things located? Why are they there?

3 Geography is: The study of people, places, and environments.

4 An Environment is: The physical surroundings of a location.

5 Geographers study the world in spatial terms
Geographers study the world in spatial terms. This means that they look at the space where a place is located and its physical relationship to other places, people, and environments.


7 The Five Themes of Geography
One of the ways that geographers organize geographic information.

8 Location Location means either an exact position using latitude and longitude, or a description of a place in relation to places around it.

9 Place Place describes physical characteristics such as mountains or rivers, as well as human characteristics such as the people who live there.

10 Regions Regions have physical or human characteristics that unite them and make them different from or similar to other regions.

11 Movement Movement of people, goods, and ideas changes places and regions and the people who live there.

12 Human-Environment Interaction
Humans adapt to their environment and change elements of it.

13 Six Essential Elements
The World in spatial terms Geographers study the location of places and distributions or patterns of features by using maps, data, and other geographic tools. Knowing about the world in spatial terms helps geographers understand physical and human patterns.

14 Places and Regions Geographers look for characteristics of places and then compare their similarities and differences.

15 Physical Systems Geographers study changes in the earth’s surface. Where and why people choose to live in certain locations may depend on Earth’s surface conditions.

16 Human Systems Geographers study human settlement patterns and use of resources. This information helps explain interaction and lifestyles.

17 Environment and Society
Geographers study how people interact with the environment and how they use resources.

18 The Uses of Geography Geographers study the patterns and processes in the world. The information helps people understand the past and plan for the future.

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