Presentation on theme: "Chapter 13 Violence And Abuse In Relationships Definitions of Violence, Abuse and Neglect Abuse In Dating/Marriage Relationships Violence In Relationships."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 13 Violence And Abuse In Relationships Definitions of Violence, Abuse and Neglect Abuse In Dating/Marriage Relationships Violence In Relationships Effects Of Abuse Cycle of Abuse Child Abuse Parent, Sibling and Elder Abuse
Examples of Physical Abuse Pushing, grabbing or shoving. Throwing something at partner. Slapping, hitting Forcing sex on partner.
Examples of Emotional Abuse Threatening to leave partner. Controlling whom the partner associates with. Cutting off partner from family. Controlling the money to ensure dependence. Refusing to talk to partner. Accusing partner of infidelity.
Abuse In Dating Relationships 30% of individuals report abuse in dating. Abuse occurs in heterosexual and homosexual relationships Many abused spouses report their partner never mistreated them during dating and courtship.
Forms of Violence Against Women Common couple violence: Response to conflicts of everyday life, motivated by a need to control in the specific situation. Patriarchal terrorism: Man feels he must control woman completely because he thinks he owns her.
Violence in Relationships Cultural Explanations American society imbued with violence. Corporal punishment increases violence in child’s life as an adult. Traditional gender roles teach men to be aggressive and women to be submissive.
Violence in Relationships Community Factors Social isolation Poverty Inaccessible community services
Violence in Relationships Individual And Family Factors Psychopathology: low tolerance for frustration, need to control Alcohol/drug abuse Abusive parents
Characteristics of Abusive Partners Extremely dependent on their partner. Jealous, possessive and suspicious. Have excessive need to control. Unhappy and dissatisfied with their life. Aggressive with poor impulse control.
Characteristics of Abusive Partners Move quickly into an intimate, committed relationship. Blame others for problems. Cut partner off from family and friends. Alcohol/drug abuse
Effects Of Partner Abuse 35 % of women who seek emergency room services are suffering from battering injuries. Psychological effects include feelings of helplessness, humiliation, anxiety and suicide attempts. March of Dimes estimates that most birth defects are due to physical abuse.
Cycle of Abuse Perpetrator abuses partner. Asks for forgiveness. Acts civil until trust of partner is regained. Abuses partner again.
Why people remain in abusive relationships Love Emotional dependency: rather stay in abusive relationship than be alone. Commitment to relationship: “till death do us part” implies acceptance of abuse. Hope that partner will change.
Why people remain in abusive relationships Feel that abuse is legitimate part of intimate relationship. Would feel guilty for breaking up family. Fear of what partner will do to them if they leave. Economic dependence Isolation
Process of Leaving an Abusive Relationship Seed of doubt - Question whether they deserve such treatment. Turning point - Event that has an impact on the motivation to leave the relationship. Objective reflection - Abused partner views the relationship from a detached point of view.
Process of Leaving an Abusive Relationship Cognitive shift - Shift from focus on staying in relationship to getting out of it. Leaving and moving on - Very painful to disengage, call police/friend, pack clothes, move out, leave town.
Factors Associated with Child Abuse and Neglect Pregnancy is premarital or unplanned and one of the parents does not want the child. Mother-infant attachment is lacking. Child suffers from developmental disabilities or mental retardation.
Factors Associated with Child Abuse and Neglect Childrearing techniques are strict and harsh and include little positive reinforcement. Parents are unemployed. Abuse between husband and wife. Children are adopted or foster children.
Effects of Child Abuse on Victims Social relationships more tenuous, less likely to trust. Aggressiveness - If child was hit, they are likely to model behavior. Communication problems and learning disabilities.
Effects of Child Abuse on Victims Physical injuries: disfigurement, scarring, death. Increased risk of alcohol abuse to dull the pain. Post traumatic stress disorder
Effects of Child Sexual Abuse Women report having sex earlier in their teens and are more likely to bear a child before 19. Lower self esteem, higher levels of depression and antisocial behavior among females. Most devastating when abuse is prolonged, involves intercourse and is perpetrated by father or step father.
Effects of Child Sexual Abuse Males tend to develop negative self-concept, sleep disorders, and sexual dysfunctions. Post traumatic stress disorder and heavy alcohol use is common. Lower marital satisfaction. Daughters of mothers who were abused are 3.6 times more likely to be sexually victimized.
Forms of Elder Abuse Neglect Physical abuse Psychological abuse Social abuse Legal abuse