7 DOMESTIC VIOLENCE The most common type of abuse is domestic violence. domestic violence Physical abuse that occurs in the family
8 DOMESTIC VIOLENCEDomestic violence is about power.
9 PHYSICAL ABUSEWhen the victim is a small child, the abuser often makes up excuses for the child’s injuries.Victims may make excuses for the abuser, which is called enabling.
10 EMOTIONAL ABUSEEmotional abuse uses words or gestures to mistreat another person.
11 EMOTIONAL ABUSEEmotional abuse may include yelling, bullying, teasing, or threats of violence.
12 NEGLECTChildren are the most common targets of neglect, but elderly people and people with disabilities may also suffer neglect.neglect The failure to meet a person’s basic physical and emotional needs
13 EFFECTS OF ABUSEAbuse can leave emotional scars that remain long after physical signs have gone away
14 EFFECTS OF ABUSEMany victims of abuse go on to become abusers themselves.
15 PHYSICAL CONSEQUENCES OF ABUSE Impaired brain developmentImpaired physical, mental, and emotional developmentA “hyper-arousal” response by certain areas of the brain, which may result in hyperactivity, and sleep disturbancesPoor physical health, including various illnesses
16 M/E EFFECTS OF ABUSEIncreased risk for emotional problems such as depression, panic disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorderAlcohol and drug abuseDifficulty with language development and academic achievementSuicide
17 SOCIAL EFFECTS OF ABUSE Difficulty forming secure relationshipsDifficulties during adolescenceCriminal and/or violent behaviorAbusive behavior
18 AFFECTED BY ABUSEWhenever abuse is present in the family, all family members are affected.
19 AFFECTED BY ABUSEAbused spouses are sometimes enablers in domestic violence by concealing the true nature of their injuries.
20 CYCLE OF ABUSEBreaking the cycle of abuse can be difficult and often requires outside help.cycle of abuse The pattern of repeating abuse from one generation to the next
21 BREAKING THE CYCLEIf you suspect a friend is being abused, ask your friend and speak to a trusted adult.The first step to take if you are a victim of abuse is to confide in a trusted adult.Call a crisis hotline.crisis hotline A toll-free telephone service where abuse victims can get help and provide information
22 ORGANIZATIONSChildhelp USA Child abuse victims, parents, concerned individualsYouth Crisis Hotline Individuals reporting child abuse, youth ages 12 to 18Stop it Now! Child sexual abuse victims, parents, offenders, concerned individualsNational Domestic Violence Hotline Children, parents, friends, offendersGirls and Boys Town Abused, abandoned, and neglected girls and boys, parents, and family members
23 REASONS VICTIMS DON’T REPORT Victims may feel too ashamed to report the problem.
24 REASONS VICTIMS DON’T REPORT Victims may fear that reporting the abuse will break up the family.
25 REASONS VICTIMS DON’T REPORT Victims may have fears about getting someone in trouble with the law.
26 REASONS VICTIMS DON’T REPORT Victims may have promised the abuser to keep the abuse a secret.
27 HELPMost people need professional help to overcome the emotional trauma of abuse.
28 HELPTeens who have been abused sometimes find comfort in group counseling sessions.
29 HELPIn extreme situations or ones where abuse is ongoing, abused family members may be sent to shelters.
30 The cycle of abuse will not end until someone reports the problem. HELPThe cycle of abuse will not end until someone reports the problem.