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Presentation on theme: "Urban Geography LAND USES IN DEVELOPED WORLD CITIES."— Presentation transcript:


2 Learning Intentions  By the end of this unit, you should be able to:  Understand why cities grow,  List the main land uses in a developed city,  Understand one land use model of a developed city.

3 Introduction  The 7 Billion people who live on this planet are not evenly spread out. We prefer to live in some areas more than others.  Increasingly we prefer to live in towns and cities.  One hundred years ago, fewer than 200 million people lived in towns and cities; now the urban population is 3.5 billion.

4 Why do people live in cities?  Jobs.  People move to cities because there are more job opportunities. There may be jobs in factories, offices, shops and services.  Each town or city used to have a specific function and would offer jobs in this area of work, for example,  Industrial centres – factory jobs making things.  Ports – jobs loading/ unloading goods on and off ships and jobs in the warehouse and distribution trade.  Tourist resort, such as Blackpool – jobs in hotels and restaurants catering for tourists.

5 From Village to city  Nearly all the buildings in a village are houses.  As it starts to grow, it develops other land use zones.  It will have an industrial area as well as new housing zones and the old village will be taken over by shops and businesses.  This will become known as the town centre or the Central Business District. (CBD)

6 Village to city  A typical town grows out from its original village in all directions and its different land use zones can be shown as concentric zones. CBD Inner City Suburbs

7 Characteristics of the CBD  Oldest part of town.  Where most roads meet.  Bus and train stations.  High order shops.  Lots of Churches.  Offices.  Tallest buildings.  Most densely packed buildings.  Hotels, pubs and restaurants.  Entertainment facilities.

8 Characteristics of the inner city  Built in the 19 th century.  High density of buildings.  Old factories.  Low order shops and services.  Stone tenement houses.  Brick terraced houses.  Few gardens or small gardens.

9 Characteristics of the city edge  Dates from 20 th century onwards.  Planned shopping centres.  Business and office parks.  Some detached housing.  Low density of buildings.  Beside main roads.

10 Characteristics of the Suburbs  Built in the 20 th and 21 st century.  Low density of buildings.  Mainly detached and semi detached houses.  Many houses with large gardens and garages.  Lots of open space and parks.

11 Changes to Zones  These zones are consistently changing.  Old buildings are knocked down, new ones are constructed and others change their use.  For example.  Housing to offices.  Old factory buildings to stylish flats close to the city centre.

12 Changes in the CBD  More indoor shopping centres, for example Buchanan Galleries.  Changes to road systems to ease congestions and increase pedestrian safety. For example, bus and taxi lanes, pedestrianized streets such as Buchanan Street. 

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