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Presentation on theme: "URBAN LAND-USE."— Presentation transcript:


2 Types of Land Use All land use in an urban place can be classified into one of SIX major groups: industrial, residential, commercial, transportation, institutional and open space.

3 Industrial (Blue) Factories, warehouses, shipping – close to highways, railways and water about 6% of all urban land 4 types - Ribbon Industries (large, next to transportation, away from residential) - CBD (old, obsolete, fabric and textiles - Suburban Industrial Parks (modern, planned, near highways - Suburban Business Parks (well planned, landscaped, offices and light industry

4 Residential (Yellow) 40% of developed land in many cities
Contains Single Detached, Semi-Detached, Duplex, Town Houses, Low Rise Apartments, High Rise Apartments Low Density – Single, Semi, Duplex Med Density – Towns, Low Rise High Density – High Rise

5 Commercial (Purple) 5% of land for retailing, wholesaling, offices, and services 6 types (refer to chart on pg. 252) - local centre – low order - neighbourhood plaza – low order - community shopping centre – low / mid order - power centre (big box stores) – mid / high order - regional shopping centre – all orders and specialized - CBD – all orders and specialized

6 Transportation - Brown
nearly 32% of urban land for roads, highways railroads and electricity transmission corridors Automobile good for low density Mass transit good for high density 4 types of roads - expressways – high volume - arterial roads – moderate volume, city roads - collector roads – suburbs, move traffic from local to arterial - local – small side streets

7 Institutional (Red) schools, hospitals, governments, places of worship
Land that is owned or controlled in some way by the government. About 10% of land use

8 Open Space / Recreational (Green)
Parks, golf course, open land, green spaces 7% of land

9 Factors Affecting Land Use
Land Value – highest in areas that are most accessible. CBD, major transportation routes. Zoning – control the kind and amount of development Technology – grid pattern (old – high density) vs. garden pattern (new – low density) Climate – harsh, creating need for indoor and underground centres

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