2 Types of Land UseAll land use in an urban place can be classified into one of SIX major groups:industrial, residential, commercial, transportation, institutional and open space.
3 Industrial (Blue)Factories, warehouses, shipping – close to highways, railways and waterabout 6% of all urban land4 types- Ribbon Industries (large, next to transportation, away from residential)- CBD (old, obsolete, fabric and textiles- Suburban Industrial Parks (modern, planned, near highways- Suburban Business Parks (well planned, landscaped, offices and light industry
4 Residential (Yellow) 40% of developed land in many cities Contains Single Detached, Semi-Detached, Duplex, Town Houses, Low Rise Apartments, High Rise ApartmentsLow Density – Single, Semi, DuplexMed Density – Towns, Low RiseHigh Density – High Rise
5 Commercial (Purple)5% of land for retailing, wholesaling, offices, and services6 types (refer to chart on pg. 252)- local centre – low order- neighbourhood plaza – low order- community shopping centre – low / mid order- power centre (big box stores) – mid / high order- regional shopping centre – all orders and specialized- CBD – all orders and specialized
6 Transportation - Brown nearly 32% of urban land for roads, highways railroads and electricity transmission corridorsAutomobile good for low densityMass transit good for high density4 types of roads- expressways – high volume- arterial roads – moderate volume, city roads- collector roads – suburbs, move traffic from local to arterial- local – small side streets
7 Institutional (Red) schools, hospitals, governments, places of worship Land that is owned or controlled in some way by the government.About 10% of land use
8 Open Space / Recreational (Green) Parks, golf course, open land, green spaces7% of land
9 Factors Affecting Land Use Land Value – highest in areas that are most accessible. CBD, major transportation routes.Zoning – control the kind and amount of developmentTechnology – grid pattern (old – high density) vs. garden pattern (new – low density)Climate – harsh, creating need for indoor and underground centres