Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Articles of Confederation

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Articles of Confederation"— Presentation transcript:

1 Articles of Confederation
Problems with the A.O.C. Congress lacked the power to ______ ________ central government Power resided with the __________ No power to _______ (____________) commerce (trade) tax weak states regulate control

2 Articles of Confederation
Problems with the A.O.C. (cont.) Each state had ______ vote regardless of size No common _______ (_________) No power to ____________ laws No _________ or __________ branches one currency money enforce executive judicial

3 Preamble to the U.S. Constitution
Introduction ____________ to the U.S. Constitution. States six _______ of the U.S. government. Establishes the __________ as the power behind the government and the constitution- “We the __________” purposes citizens People

4 Purposes of the government according to the Preamble
Form a more _________ Union allow the states to operate as a single country for the good of all Establish ________ Make sure all citizens are treated fairly and equally Perfect Justice

5 Purposes of the government according to the Preamble
Insure _________ tranquility Keep the peace among the citizens Provide for the common __________ Maintain armed forces to protect the country and its citizens Domestic defense

6 Purposes of the government according to the Preamble
Promote the _________________ Help provide for the well-being of the citizens Secure the Blessings of ________ to _________ and our posterity Ensure that all citizens, now and in the future, maintain their basic rights General Welfare ourselves Liberty

7 Federalism Established by the ______________
Principle of federalism is the __________ of power between the _________ and the ____________ government Constitution division states national

8 How? The Constitution gives some ___________ to the ____________ government, some to the __________, and some to _______ power national states both

9 Separation of Power U.S. Constitution created three _______
_________ was split between these three branches to ________ one branch from becoming too ____________ (___________________) branches Power prevent powerful Limited Government

10 Branches of Government
Legislative _____________ Congress (House of Representatives and the Senate) ___________ laws ____________ President __________ laws Supreme Court __________ laws (determines if laws in agreement with the Constitution) Makes Executive Enforces Judicial Interprets

11 Checks and Balances Each branch has powers to limit the powers of the other two branches


13 Amendment Process for U.S. Constitution
Action by _______ or national convention Requires ______ approval of ______ houses of Congress or 2/3 of the state ____________ must request a __________ convention (never been done) Congress 2/3 both legislatures national

14 Amendment Process (cont.)
Requires ___________ (_____________) of ¾ of states (____) States may _________ by a vote in the state legislature or by special state conventions Very ____________ process Only ____ amendments in Constitution ratification approval 38 ratify difficult 27

15 Bill of Rights The first _______ amendments to the Constitution
Guaranteed certain __________ to the citizens ten rights

16 Rights (1st Amendment) Religion- Government may not _________ an official religion, nor _________, or unduly _______ with the free exercise of religion Speech- Individuals are free to ________ their opinions and beliefs establish endorse interfere express

17 Rights (1st Amendment) (cont.)
Press- The press has the right to gather and _____________ information, including that which _________ the government Assembly- Individuals may ____________ gather publish criticizes peaceably

18 Rights (cont.) Petition- Individuals have the right to make their _______ known to _________ officials views public

19 Due Process Due process
Before individuals are ________ their rights, ________ established by law and guaranteed by the Constitution must be _______ (5th and 14th) denied procedures followed

20 Enumerated Powers The Constitution gives powers to the _______ government, such as maintaining an _____, maintaining a _______ service, and making _________ national army postal money

21 Reserved Powers not Powers _______ given to the national government are ___________ for the __________ Examples-Establishing _________, regulating __________ within the state, conducting ____________ reserved states schools trade elections

22 Concurrent Powers Powers _________ by the national government and the states Examples- collecting _______, borrowing money, establishing _______ and _______ shared taxes courts prisons

23 Supremacy Clause According to the Constitution, if there is any __________ between state and national laws, the laws of the ____________ government are _________. The national law is the law of the ________. conflict national supreme land

24 Primary responsibilities of national and state government
Conducts ________ policy and regulates ____________ State Promotes public __________, safety, and __________ ____________ Conduct ___________ foreign commerce health welfare Education elections

25 Powers denied to National and State Governments
Art 1, section 9 & 10 of Constitution National Gov (sec.9)- no titles of nobility granted, cannot tax goods moved from one state to another State Gov (sec. 10)- cannot maintain army or go to war, cannot tax imports or exports

26 Legislative Checks Over the Executive Branch Over the Judicial branch
Override veto 2/3 of both House of Rep. And Senate must approve Impeach (remove from office) the president House must approve the charges by a majority Senate can convict by 2/3 vote Over the Judicial branch Approves appointment of Federal judges Impeaches judges

27 Executives Checks Over the Judicial branch Over the Legislative Branch
Appoints judges Grants reprieves and pardons Over the Legislative Branch Vetoes acts of Congress Calls Congress into special sessions

28 Judicial Checks Over the Legislative Branch Over the Executive branch
Declares laws unconstitutional Over the Executive branch Declares executive acts unconstitutional

Download ppt "Articles of Confederation"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google