Presentation on theme: "5 Basic principles of the u.s. constitution"— Presentation transcript:
1 5 Basic principles of the u.s. constitution Unit 2: Basic Principles of the United States ConstitutionChapter 35 Basic principles of the u.s. constitution
2 Topic: Basic Principles of the U.S. Constitution Principles related to representative democracy are reflected in the articles and amendments of the U.S. Constitution and provide structure for the government of the United States.Content Statement:As the supreme law of the land, the U.S. Constitution incorporates basic principles that help define the government of the United States as a federal republic including its structure, powers and relationship with the governed.Constitutional government in the United States has changed over time as a result of amendments to the U.S. Constitution, Supreme Court decisions, legislation and informal practices.
3 The United States Constitution and Federalism Section 1: Basic Principles
4 5 Basic Principles of the Constitution 3. Separation of Powers2. Limited Government1. Popular Sovereignty
5 5 Basic Principles of the Constitution 5. Federalism4. Checks and Balances
6 5 Basic Principles Explained 1. Popular SovereigntyGovernment’s authority comes from the people2. Limited Government3. Separation of Powers/Sharing of PowersArticle I: legislative branchArticle II: executive branchArticle III: judicial branch*All branches have separate powers
7 4. Checks and Balances Powers Checks on Powers Legislative Branch PowersChecks on PowersLegislative BranchMakes lawsCan override presidential veto of bill with 2/3 voteApproves appointments to top gov. jobsHolds the “power of the purse”President’s power to veto legislation passed by CongressSupreme Court’s power to rule that laws are unconstitutionalExecutive BranchApproves or vetoes lawsCarries out lawsappoints federal court judges, ambassadors, and other high-level officialsNegotiates treatiesCongress’s ability to override the president’s veto by a 2/3 voteCongress’s power to approve spending by the federal govSenate’s power to approve presidential appointments to top gov jobsSenate’s authroity to approve all treatiesCongress’s power to impeach the presidentJudicial BranchInterprets the meaning of lawsJudicial reviewCongress’s power to propose an amendment to the Constitution if the Supreme Court rules that a law is unconstitutionalSenate’s authority to refuse to approve the appointments to federal courtCongress’s power to impeach a federal judge
8 Power divided between national gov and state and local govs. 5. FederalismPower divided between national gov and state and local govs.
9 The United States Constitution and Federalism Section 2: Amending the Constitution
10 Constitution has been around for over 200 years Constitution has been around for over 200 years. Framers knew they needed to include a way to change it as times change
11 Modify formally, as a legal document or legislative bill. Amend: TO CHangeMake minor changes in (a text) in order to make it fairer, more accurate, or more up-to-date.Modify formally, as a legal document or legislative bill.
13 4 ways to amend the Constitution Propose an amendmentRatifying an Amendment1. 2/3 of both houses of Congress (all 27 proposed this way)A. Legislatures in ¾ of states (26 ratified this way)2. National Convention called by Congress at the request of 2/3 of state legislatures (never done)B. Special conventions in ¾ of the state (1 ratified this way—21st amendment)#1#3#2#4
14 The 27 Amendments Bill of Rights 1-10: Protect individual freedoms 13th, 14th, 15th: expand voting and other rights to groups17th: direct election of Senators19th: women’s suffrage16th: national income tax18th: Prohibition
15 The United States Constitution and Federalism Section 3: A Flexible Document
16 The Constitution is a “LIVING DOCUMENT” because it is flexible and changes with the times! 1. Gov. actionsA. Court decisionsB. Congressional legislationC. Executive actions2. Political actionsA. Important role in electionsB. Organize daily operations of Congress3. Custom and traditionA. Strongly influence how gov. carries out its functions
17 The United States Constitution and Federalism Section 4: Federalism
19 1. Expressed Powers—specifically stated in the Constitution Legislative Branch (Article I, Section 8)Issuing moneyCollect national taxesBorrow moneyPay gov. debtsDeclaring warRaising and maintaining armed forcesRegulate trade among the states and foreign govsExecutive Branch (Article II)Command armed forcesDirect relations with gov of other countriesJudicial Branch (Article III)Rule on cases involving the US gov, foreign officials in the US, and disputes among the statesDecide cases concerning the Constitution, federal laws, and treaties
20 Known as “ELASTIC CLAUSE” 2. Implied PowersArticle I, Section 8—“Congress has the power to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper to exercise its other powers”Known as “ELASTIC CLAUSE”
21 3. Inherent Powers Inherent powers—naturally belong to the gov. In the United States, the President derives these powers from the loosely-worded statements in the Constitution that "the executive Power shall be vested in a President" and the president should "take care that the laws be faithfully executed"Most relate to foreign affairs
22 Powers of Federal and State Government Federal Government Powers1. Regulate interstate and foreign trade2. Coin and print money3. Post offices4. Raise and support armed forces5. Declare war and make peace6. Govern US territories and admit new states7. Pass laws regulating immigration8. Make all laws “necessary and proper” to carry out its powersShared (Concurrent Powers)1. Collect taxes2. Borrow money3. Establish courts4. Charter banks5. Make and enforce laws6. Provide for the health and welfare of the peopleState (Reserved) Powers1. Regulate trade within the state2. Establish local governments3. Conduct elections4. Determine qualifications of voters5. Establish and support public schools6. Pass laws regulating businesses within state borders7. Make civil and criminal laws8. Pass license requirements for professionals
23 Limits on Federal and State Powers Powers Denied to the Federal GovernmentTax importsPass laws favoring one state over anotherSpend money unless authorized by federal lawPowers Denied to the StatesIssue its own moneyMake a treaty with a foreign govGo to warPowers Denied to Both LevelsDeny people certain rights, such as trial by juryGrant titles of nobility
24 Responsibilities Federal State Make sure states have rep gov Protect states from violent actionsRespect states’ territoriesStateSet district boundaries for CongressSet up rules for electing members of CongressMaintain National Guard