Presentation on theme: "The Cultural Geography"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Cultural Geography South Asia:The Cultural Geography
2 Scooby SnacksQuestion 1 : What is the population of South Asia and what percentage of the worlds population live here?Answer 1 :Question 2: What is the capital city of Bangladesh?Answer 2:Question 3: What famous architectural tomb is located in Agra, India?Answer 3:
4 The Culture: Varied Characteristics South Asia’s most significant fact: A population of over 1.4 billion people!Remember, This is 1/5th of the entire world population.Diversity:Mix of religious, social, cultural influences.Speak hundreds of languages and practice several religions.
5 Regional Characteristics India:The Dravidians: Largest number of Indian descendants.Traditionally identify by religion: As Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists, etc.Jati: a group that defines one’s occuptation and social position.Pakistan and Bangladesh:Once part of British India.More than 90% of the people here practice Islam.Bengali: Ethnic group in Bangladesh with Hindu practices.
6 Regional Characteristics: Sri Lanka, Bhutan, and Nepal Sri Lanka: 2 main groups.The Buddhist Sinhalese: The majority group that controls the government.The Hindu Tamils: Have been fighting for independence since the 1980s.Violence has disrupted the economy and people of the region.Bhutan and Nepal:Mongolian ancestors: Differ in appearance from other South Asians.Sherpas of Nepal: Most notable people from Nepal who are great mountaineers.
7 Population Density and Distribution: Regional Variation Population density is generally high throughout South Asia.Factors that contribute to population growth:Climate, vegetation, and physical features.Highest concentrations of population are found on the Ganges Plain and the monsoon water coast of India.Bangladesh:2nd most densely populated country of South Asia.1991: The average female gave birth to 4 children in her lifetime.
8 Urban and Rural Life Rural Life: Growing Urbanization: They farm, live in villages, and struggle to grow food for their families.Nomadic and seminomadic groups.Herd camels, goats, or yaks for a living.Growing Urbanization:Recent years: People are starting to move into cities for the hope of better jobs and wages.South Asian Cities:Mumbai: India’s main port city and largest city.Kolkata (Calcutta): Thriving port on the Ganges River.The center of India’s steel and iron production.Delhi: India’s third largest city.Megalopolis: Chain of closely linked metropolitan areas.
9 History and Government Earliest South Asians left few written records.The Indus Valley Civilization:Arouse around 2500 B.C.Developed a writing system, strong central government, thriving overseas trade.Worlds first cities: Mohenjo Daro and Harappa.Cities most likely destroyed by flooding or drought as the Indus River changed its course.
11 The AryansThe Aryans took over after the Indus Valley Civilization crumbled.Vedas: Sacred writings that revealed Aryan ideas about religion and social structure.Society as 4 groups:Priests.Warriors (nobles).Artisans and farmers.Enslaved people.Caste System: Dictates social rank at birth.
12 Two Great Religions: Hinduism & Buddhism Dharma: Moral Duty.Reincarnation: Rebirth as another living being.Karma: Actions in accordance with one’s Dharma.Here. . . Let me explain this.Buddhism:Siddhartha Gautama: Years of meditation and spiritual seeking earned him the name, Buddha.Nirvana: If one follows the Buddhist teaching, they will eventually become enlightened by entering a state of insight.
13 South Asia: A Vast History Mauryan Empire:First people to maintain control after the Aryans.Ruled all but the southernmost part of the Indian subcontinent.Gupta Empire:This Hindu civilization was one of the most advanced in the world.Arabic numerals developed during the Gupta period.Mogul Empire:Islamic empire with a diverse ancestry.Mongolia, Turkey, and Persia.British Empire in India:European invaders came by sea.British raj: The Hindi word for empire.
14 India: Independence & Modernity Mohandas K. Gandhi:India’s fight for Independence was demonstrated through nonviolent tactics: Boycotting British goods & peace demonstrations.India:Often called the worlds largest democracy.Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh:Parliamentary republic.Bhutan & Nepal:Traditional style monarchies.
16 Languages Indo-European Languages: Other Languages: Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Northern India:Official languages rooted in Indo-European languages.India = Hindu.Bangladesh = Bengali.Pakistan = Urdu.Other Languages:Southern India and Sri Lanka:Speak languages of the Dravidian family.
17 Quality of Life Health: Food: Education: Life expectancy lower than developed countries.HIV & AIDS: 2nd highest rates in the world.Scarcity of clean drinking water.Food:Poor nutrition is a problem.1/3rd of population too poor to buy quality foods.Muslims – cannot eat pork.Hindus – cannot eat beef.Education:South Asian standard of living should rise with educational opportunity.Committed to raising literacy rates.Extending educational opportunities to females.
18 ActivityFor the following activity, you will be given a review sheet on chapter 24.Do your BEST to complete the sheet before the end of the period.You may also work with a partner.NOW, I WANT YOU! TO START YOUR WORK.