2 PRINCIPLES OF ARTPrinciples are guidelines used to help artists organize the art elements to create works of artPrinciples include:BalanceVarietyHarmonyEmphasisProportionMovementRhythmUnityTransition
3 BALANCEA principle of art concerned with arranging art elements so no one part of a work overpowers or seems heavier than any other partThere are three kinds of balance in artworkFormal balance- also known as symmetrical balance where the two halves are mirror imagesInformal balance- known as asymmetrical balance where two unlike elements seem to carry equal weightRadial balance- occurs when elements or objects are positioned around a central point and radiates from the center
4 BALANCE-continuedVisual Weight- creates a visual sense of equal weight by using size, brightness, hues, textures, shapes, light and dark hues.Psychological Weight- refers to the importance of the person or objects within the artwork
5 VARIETYConcerned with combining one or more elements to create interest by adding slight changesHeightens the visual appeal of the workToo little variety and work is boring, too much creates chaos
6 VARIETY-ContinuedTypes of variety include:Shapesvaluesizes
7 HARMONYA principle concerned with blending elements to create a more calm, restful appearance
8 EMPHASIS Makes an element of an artwork stand out Attracts viewer’s attention to an important partCan be created by contrast or extreme changes in an element
9 PROPORTIONPrinciple concerned with the relationship of one part to another and to the wholeCan be size, color, etc.
10 MOVEMENTUsed to create the look and feeling of action and to guide a viewer’s eye throughout the work of art
11 RHYTHMPrinciple concerned with repeating an element to make a work seem active or to suggest vibrationCan create rhythm by repeating elements but also the same object over and over to form a pattern
12 UNITYIs the arrangement of elements and principles with media to create a feeling of supporting each other and of completenessWays to unify a work of art:Grouping Objects – fewer forms/shapes to seeVs.
13 UNITY - continuedSimilar use of elements – objects or aspects within a work of art can be unified by using similarities of color, shape, form, etc.Continuity – using an element or series of elements that continue relatively uninterrupted through much of the artworkDominant Feature – Use of a dominate feature
14 TRANSITION A series of gradual step by step changes of an element Some types of transitions:Color Transitions – blended gradations between different huesLarge to Small – often used to establish the illusion of depth
15 TRANSITION- continued Dark to Light – also used to create a sense of depth or set a particular moodRough to Smooth – creates variation in a textured area