Presentation on theme: "PAGES 74-79 The American Revolution. The French & Indian War War broke out between British & French Native Americans fought for British and French French."— Presentation transcript:
The French & Indian War War broke out between British & French Native Americans fought for British and French French lost war –give up colonies War was costly for Britain Taxed the colonists No representation in British Government Representation: leaders to speak for colonists in Government
Protests Protest: Held marches, wrote letters to British Government Colonists boycotted buying taxed goods British Government taxed tea, glass, and paint 1773: Colonists boarded a British ship and dumped all the tea into the harbor in protest of the taxes
Revolution Begins Revolution: a sudden, complete change of government. British soldiers fought members of Massachusetts militia (volunteer army) May 20, 1775 – Mecklenburg County declared independence from Britain Patriot: colonist who supported American Revolution Loyalist: colonist who stayed loyal to Britain.
Declaration of Independence July 4, 1776 – representatives from 13 colonies approved the Declaration of Independence In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania The Declaration listed reasons colonists wanted to be free from Britain. 3 North Carolinians signed the Declaration North Carolina set up a new state government House of Representatives & Senate
Battles in NC General Charles Cornwallis – British Loyalist Hornet’s Nest- hard fought battle between British and Patriots Battle of King Mountain- Patriots won Battle of Guilford Courthouse – British won October 1781 British surrendered to American General George Washington in Yorktown, VA.
Constitution 12 representatives met to discuss idea of federal (national) government Constitution: a written plan for government. Divided power between state and federal government North Carolina one of the last state to ratify (approve) Constitution State leaders wanted a Bill of Rights Lists the freedoms and rights people have