2 Britain Becomes A Global Power Reasons Behind Britain Becoming a Global PowerLocation allowed for Britain to create outposts in the West Indies, North America, IndiaFavorable climateVictories in European wars allowed them to attain land close to home and abroad as a resultKing George III began to assert his royal authority
3 The 13 Colonies in the Mid-1700s Britain’s empire included 13 colonies along the east coast of North AmericaThe colonies practiced the policy of mercantilism, exporting more than it imported.The Navigation Acts were passed by Parliament to regulate colonial trade and manufacturing
4 Colonists Express Discontent The 7 Years’ War and the French and Indian War drained the British treasuryKing George III felt that the colonists should pay for the wars. The Sugar Act of 1764 and the Stamp Act of 1765 taxed the coloniesThe colonist's response to paying taxes without a representation in Parliament created the slogan“ No taxation without representation”.The murder of several colonists in the Boston Massacre resulted in a series of protests including the Boston Tea Party. Britain imposed harsh laws as punishment for colonists’ behavior.
5 Colonists Express Discontent Representatives from each of the 13 colonies, including George Washington, met in Philadelphia as a Continental CongressIn 1775 a war at Lexington and Concord took place and the Revolutionary War had begun. Washington served as leader of the Continental Army.On July 4,1776 the 2nd Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of IndependenceWritten mainly by Thomas Jefferson, the document outlined the colonists’ grievances and the Enlightenment ideas of life, liberty, and propertyColonists Express Discontent
6 The American Revolution Continues The colonial forces struggled early against t he British, but the Battle of Saratoga was a turning point in the war.The colonial victory caused other European nations to join the Americans to fight their common enemy Britain. France was a huge help because they supplied supplies, training, soldiers, and shipsIn 1781 the British surrendered at Yorktown, VA. In 1783 the war was brought to an end by the Treaty of Paris. This document was signed by the Americans, British, and the French.
7 A New Constitution Reflects Enlightenment Ideas The Articles of Confederation acted as our nation’s 1st constitution. It was viewed as too weak so the nation’s leaders met in 1787 and drafted a new constitution creating a federal republicPower is shared between the national government, the federal government and the states. This reflects the ideas of MontesquieuThe Bill of Rights are the first 10 amendments to the constitution and protect the basic rights of citizens