Presentation on theme: "Our Students Today, we will talk about: -Learner characteristics"— Presentation transcript:
1 Our Students Today, we will talk about: -Learner characteristics -Classroom Management
2 What’s Your Learning Style? Take this short quiz.Select ONE answer for each question.At the end, add up how many A’s, B’s, and C’s you selected.The higher number is your dominant learning style.Next, go around the room and find students with similar dominant learning styles. Link arms and make a big group.“I’m a visual learner. How about you?”
3 More Styles? You will receive 10 pictures and 10 style descriptions. There are more styles than VAK.VAK represents how we learn through our senses.But we also have personality-based styles and cognitive styles.Let’s learn about some more styles.You will receive 10 pictures and 10 style descriptions.Work together to math the style description to its picture.This is a race.The first team finished is the winner!Loves to talk and listen; follows oral instructions easily; can have difficulty with the written word; prefers to have background noise when studying; enjoys group work.
4 Learning Styles Discussion It is important for both teachers and students to be aware of their learning styles.A typical classroom will have a large mix of learning styles.How can we address the different styles of the classroom?VARIETY!This will allow us to teach/reach many styles.It also forces students to stretch their own stylesand work within new ones.
5 Age Student age also can affect language learning. Your classes will generally have students of the same age.But students learn differently at different ages, so we have to consider how they learn.
7 Who is better at learning a language? BOTH can learn a language. NEITHER is better.Children learn the language more naturally.Adults learn the language more intellectually.The only advantage children have is in pronunciation.ChildrenADULTS
8 Language LevelIn addition, language learning levels are also usually diverse.Some schools have mixed-level classes.Some schools have leveled classes (A, B, and C classes)What are the advantages and disadvantages of these classes?Learner Levels2 mins
9 Awareness & Adaptability Style, age, and level are important to consider.Because every student is different, it is possible for our classrooms to look like this:KinestheticImpulsiveFalse beginnerVisualExtrovertfield-dep.advancedKinestheticIntrovertedBeginnerVARIETYAwareness & AdaptabilityVisual/kinesDeductiveadvancedMain Point: VARIETYVisualConcreteGlobaladvancedAuditoryAnalyticHigh-intVisualSharpenerLow-intAuditoryReflectiveMetaphorHigh beg
10 Classroom Management Classroom Management Skills - 1 Physical Presence - 2Organization – 10 activityVoice - 2Talking to Students 2TTT vs STT 2Instructions Activity 15L1 Debate ++
11 A good teacher has good classroom management skills. Classroom management skills include:Behavior managementPhysical presence and movementClassroom arrangementHow we talk to students
12 Movement Many teachers teach in one spot. A motionless teacher can bore students.This teacher’s voice is only reaching some of the students.Teaching is an interactive activity.Therefore, some movement is necessary.Movement also includes gestures, stances, and use of space.“Most successful teachers move around the classroom to some extent.” (Harmer, 2007, p. 35)It depends on the activity, as well as your personal style.Explaining a grammar pointAsking students questionsTelling a storyStudents are working in groups???
13 Classroom Arrangement A typical classroom looks like this.There are usually about 35 seats in a classroom.You are limited to how you arrange the classroom.Harmer suggests four kinds of arrangementsRowsCirclesHorseshoesSeparate Tables
14 Classroom Arrangement Harmer also suggests changing the arrangements often.I disagree.In my experience and opinion:Groups of 4 or 5Consistent/PersistentReady before classClassroom managementChanges a class of 40 to 9Changes a class of 16 to 4Group DynamicsMixed or Similar
15 TTT should use comprehensible input. Talking to Students“The best lessons…are ones where STT is maximised.” (Harmer, 2007, p. 38)TTT should be used to engage and interact with students, and where appropriate summarize, tell a story, and so on.TTT should use comprehensible input.TTT – Teacher Talk timeSTT – Student Talk timeTTQ – Teacher Talking Quality
16 Comprehensible Input – Giving Instructions Comprehensible Input – “language which the students see or hear and which they more or less understand, even though it is slightly above their own language level” (p. 270)Giving Instructionsto practice providing comprehensible inputInstructions must be simpleInstructions must be logicalUse gesturesCheck comprehension
17 Comprehensible Input – Giving Instructions You will receive a speaking activity.First, read and understand the activity.Then, write out how you would explain the activity to your target students. This means write EXACTLY what you will say.After 5 minutes of preparation, you will explain your activity to your group members. You will NOT read your notes!You partners will explain the activity back to you.They should also give feedback.Explain howGive each teacher a speaking activity, they need to prepare instructions to give to other teachers5 minutes to prepare, 10 minutes to give instructions and critiqueOther teachers will rate their explanationsDemonstrate in front of class
18 Comprehensible Input – Giving Instructions You will receive a speaking activity.First, read and understand the activity.Then, write out how you would explain the activity to your target students. This means write EXACTLY what you will say.After 5 minutes of preparation, you will explain your activity to your group members. You will NOT read your notes!You partners will explain the activity back to you.They should also give feedback.
19 How much Korean should be spoken in the English language classroom? L1 vs L2In the classroomNext week!How much Korean should be spoken in the English language classroom?