2 What is a Learning Style? Learning style is described as a group of characteristics, attitudes, and behaviors that define our way of learning.Simply: different approaches or ways of learning.
3 Different styles influence: What is a Learning Style?Different styles influence:the way students learn,how teachers teach, and3. Influence the interaction between teacher / student
4 The acronym changed to VARK. Learning StylesThere are many MODELS of learning styles in education.In 1987, Neil Fleming, a high school and university teacher from New Zealand developed the most widely used learning style model known as the VAK (Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic). Years later added a fourth style:Read/Write!The acronym changed to VARK.
5 The VAK ModelVisual: see it!When I SEE it then I Understand!
6 The Visual Learner Seeing/Writing The Visual Learner tends to observe things, pictures, demonstrations, films, etc. in order to improve his or her level of knowledge.Some common visual learning strategies include creating graphic organizers, diagramming, flow charts, mind mapping, outlining and more.
7 Visual Learners learn Through seeing.. Need to see the teacher's body language and facial expression.Tend to prefer sitting at the front of the classroomMay think in pictures and learn best from visual displaysPrefer to take detailed notes during lecture or classroom discussion to absorb the information.
8 How does visual learning help students? Helps clarify thoughtsSee how ideas are connectedRealize how information can be grouped and organizedNew concepts are easily understood when linked to prior knowledge.
9 Visual learning help students Organize and analyze information:students use diagrams and plot to display large amounts of information in ways that are easy to understand and help reveal relationships and patterns.Integrate New Knowledge:Students better remember information when represented and learned both visually and verbally.Think Critically:Linked verbal and visual information help make connections, understand relationships and recall related details.
11 AUDITORY LEARNERS Learn by hearing Prefer to hear information spoken. • Can absorb a lecture with little effort.• May not need careful notes to learn.• Often avoid eye contact in order to concentrate.• May read aloud to themselves.• Like background music when they study.
12 AUDITORY LEARNERS Learn by hearing Learn through listening • Learn best through verbal lectures, discussion, talking things through, and listening to what others have to say• Interpret the underlying meaning of speech through listening to tone of voice, pitch, speed, and other nuances• Prefer directions given orally• Seldom takes notes or writes things down• Prefer lectures to reading assignments• Often repeat what has just been said
13 AUDITORY LEARNERS Learn by hearing Talk to self • Often benefits from reading text aloud and using a tape recorder• Sit where they can hear but needn't pay attention to what is happening in front• Hum or talk to himself/herself or others when bored• Acquire knowledge by reading aloud• Remember by verbalizing lessons to themselves (if they don't they have difficulty reading maps or diagrams or handling conceptual assignments like mathematics).
15 Kinesthetic“do it”Tactile/Kinesthetic persons learn best through a hands-on approach, actively exploring the physical world around them.They may find it hard to sit still for long periods and may become distracted by their need for activity and exploration.
16 Kinesthetic LearnerTry things out, touch, feel, and manipulate objects.Body tension is a good indication of their emotions.They gesture when speaking, are poor listeners, stand very close when speaking or listening, and quickly lose interest in long discourse.Remember best what has been done, not what they have seen or talked about.Prefer direct involvement in what they are learning; they are distractible and find it difficult to pay attention to auditory or visual presentations.Rarely an avid reader, they may fidget frequently while handling a book. Often poor spellers, they need to write down words to determine if they “feel” right.
17 CHARACTERISTICS OF KINESTHETIC LEARNERS Walk while studyingMove and lecture to the wallsDo things as you say themPractice by repeating motionsDance as you studyWrite words – use crayons, pens, pencils to see if they “feel right”When memorizing, use finger to write on the table or airAssociate a feeling with informationStretch
18 CHARACTERISTICS OF KINESTHETIC LEARNERS Write on a marker board in order to use gross muscle movementUse the computerHands-on activities with objects that can be touchedStudy in short time periods; get up and walk around in betweenMake study tools to holdUse flash cards; separate into “know” and “don’t know” pilesUse plastic letters and magnetic boards for new vocabularyWrite and rewrite to commit to memory
20 The read/write learning style was added to Fleming’s model after the initial three. Read/write learners specifically learn best through the written word.They absorb information by reading books and handouts, taking lots of notes (sometimes word-for-word), and making lists.They prefer lectures, diagrams, pictures, charts, and scientific concepts to be explained using written language. They are often fast readers and skillful writers.
21 Read/Write Learning Style Similar to visual learners, read/write learners may struggle with verbal directions and are easily distracted by noise.Some may be quiet and struggle to detect body language and other social cues.
23 In ConclusionEach student learns differently, at different rates, using different learning styles.Everyone has a learning style.Accommodating students’ learning style can result in improved attitudes toward learning, as well as increased self esteem and academic achievement.Knowing and becoming familiar with your learning style will help you become a more effective and creative teacher.