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Personal Protective and Lifesaving Equipment for Construction
PPE v Hazard–free environment v Protected against potential hazards v Purpose of PPE 1a
Who pays for PPE? Employer pays and provides If employees provide PPE 1b
Correct use of PPE Implement engineering controls Used with other protective methods Significant worker hazards 2a
Hazards of PPE Heat stress Physical stress Psychological stress 2c
Impaired Vision Mobility Communication 2d
Adequate protection Over–protection Under–protection Improper use 2e
Written PPE program Protect the wearer Prevent injury 3a
Comprehensive PPE program Hazard identification Medical monitoring Environmental surveillance Selection 3b
Comprehensive PPE program Use Maintenance Decontamination Training 3c
PPE program review and evaluation Reviewed at least annually 4a
What is PPE? Clothing and accessories Create a barrier Head protection Eye and face protective 5a
What is PPE? Hearing protection Hand protection Foot protection Respiratory protection 5b
Head injuries Falling or flying objects Bumping the head 6a
Head protection Resist penetration Absorb the shock of a blow ANSI standards Z89.1–1969Z89.1–1969 Z89.2–1971Z89.2–1971 6b
Protective hat types Type 1 Type 2 Three classes Class GClass G Class EClass E Class CClass C 7a
Helmets construction Water–resistant Slow burning Shell and suspension Adjustable headbands 8a
Helmet inspection and maintenance Cleaning helmets Inspect daily Exposure to unusual conditions Storage 9a
Eye and face protection When to use Suitable for the work Who does it apply to? 10a
Eye hazards Flying objects Glare Liquids Injurious radiation Combination 11a
Minimum requirements Provide adequate protection Comfortable Fit snugly 11b
Minimum requirements Durable Can be disinfected Cleanable Easily maintained 11d
Proper selection Kind and degree of hazard Worker comfort 12a
Corrective glasses and eye protection Spectacles with protective lenses Goggles worn over corrective spectacles Goggles that incorporate corrective lenses 12b
Eye protection fit Goggles and safety spectacles Prescription safety spectacles 13a
Inspection/maintenance of eye protection Keep lenses clean Daily inspection and cleaning Replace pitted lenses, like dirty lenses, can be a source of reduced vision Headbands Storage 14a
Disinfect eye protection Disassemble Clean all parts Rinse Immerse in germicidal fungicide Protect them until reissue 15a
Hearing protection/earplugs Preformed or molded earplugs Waxed cotton, foam, or fiberglass wool Disposable earplugs Perfect seal around the ear Reduction in protection 16a
Earmuffs and earplugs Extremely noisy situations Change the nature of sounds 16c
Why use hand protection? Burns Cuts Electrical shock Amputation Absorption of chemicals 17a
Types of hand protection Gloves Hand pads Sleeves Wristlets 17b
Why foot protection? Falling or rolling objects Sharp objects Molten metal Hot surfaces Wet slippery surf 18a
Types of foot protection Types of foot protection Safety shoes Boots Leggings 18c
Requirements for safety shoes Sturdy Impact–resistant toe ANSI Z41.1–1967 18d
Options for safety shoes Metal insoles Metatarsal guards 18e
Respiratory protection Identical to 29 CFR 1910.134 19a
Fall protection equipment Lifelines Safety harness Lanyards 20a
Safety nets 25 foot rule Place and test before beginning operations Extend 8 feet No more than 25 below 6 inches by 6 inches 21a
Other hazards Life jackets and drowning Moving vehicles Warning garments 22a
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