Presentation on theme: "Personal Protective Equipment"— Presentation transcript:
1 Personal Protective Equipment What Employees Need to KnowSlide Show NotesToday we’re going to talk about the importance of personal protective equipment (PPE) in preventing workplace injuries. We’ll begin with an overview of how hazard assessments are conducted and why specific types of PPE are selected. Even though you, as an employee, are not responsible for these procedures, you still need to be aware of when PPE is necessary and what type of equipment is appropriate.Then, we’ll focus on ways you can keep yourself safe on the job. We’ll discuss how to wear and care for PPE that may be assigned to you and go over limitations of each piece of equipment. Let’s get started.
2 Session Objectives Understand the PPE hazard assessment process Understand why different types of PPE are selectedKnow how to properly wear and care for PPESlide Show NotesBy the end of this training session, you will:Understand how your employer conducts a PPE hazard assessment, including how they evaluate the workplace and job functions for any potential hazards that can be controlled by using PPE;Understand why different types of PPE are selected and how they protect you against the hazards found during the hazards assessment; andKnow how to properly wear and care for PPE.
6 Eye and Face Assessment (cont.) Acid or caustic liquidsGases or vaporsLight radiationSlide Show NotesHere are some other eye and face hazards that are evaluated:Acid or caustic liquids are especially dangerous because they can do serious damage to the eyes and face. Examples include acids used for etching, caustic liquids used in a number of cleaning operations, and battery acid from electric power vehicles such as forklifts.Gases and vapors can also cause eye damage. For example, ammonia, which is used in some air-conditioning systems, can cause severe eye damage. Other vapors and gases can cause redness and irritation.Potentially injurious light radiation refers to bright light from welding and cutting operations, or from laser operations. Eyes can be severely damaged if you look directly at welding or laser operations without proper protection.Modify this slide to describe the specific hazards in your workplace.Ask trainees to think of other potential eye and face hazards specific to the workplace that are not listed on this slide.
8 Respiratory Protection Hazard Assessment (cont.) Identify the specific source(s)Review the work processesMonitor the exposureSlide Show NotesAfter the assessment has identified the potential respiratory hazards, your employer takes the following steps:First, they identify the specific sources of the respiratory hazard.Then, they review the work processes to determine where the exposure exists and the magnitude of the exposure.And finally, if necessary, they monitor the exposure to measure the degree of the hazard.Modify or delete this slide as it applies to your workplace.
12 Hand Hazard Assessment Skin absorption of harmful substancesSevere cuts or lacerationsSevere abrasionsSlide Show NotesA hand hazard assessment is very comprehensive, because there are so many different possible causes of hand injuries.Skin absorption of hazardous materials, which often occurs through the hands, can cause skin damage.Severe cuts and lacerations can result from working with machinery and equipment. These machines should have protective guarding, but you still need to know about the possible hazards. Cutting equipment such as saws and drills can cause severe injury if a hand is placed near the point of operation. Hand tools can cause cuts and punctures. Even metal straps or wires used for packaging can cause severe cuts if not handled carefully.Severe abrasions, including scrapes, tearing of the skin, and removal of the skin, are other possible hand injuries. They can occur when using items such as sanders, grinders, conveyor belts, rotating shafts, scrap metal, and broken glass. Once again, you should know how to protect yourself against these kinds of hazards.
13 Hand Hazard Assessment (cont.) PuncturesChemical burnsThermal burnsFrostbiteSlide Show NotesOther types of hand hazards include:Puncture wounds, which can result from a wide variety of tools and equipment such as drills, nail guns, and even screwdrivers. Slivers of metal or wood can also cause deep punctures that can become infected.Burns can be caused by handling acids, caustics, and many strong hazardous materials. Depending on the concentration of the corrosive, burns can be quite severe.Thermal burns—that is, burns from heat—can result from welding, cutting, and brazing operations. Steam equipment, such as a boiler, involve many extremely hot items such as pipes and tanks. Industrial ovens for baking, drying, or annealing present obvious thermal burn hazards.Finally, frostbite can result from working outside in frigid conditions or from working with cryogenic materials.Ask trainees to think of any other potential hand hazards specific to the workplace that are not listed on this slide. Other hazards might include repetitive motion or exposure to vibrations.
15 Fill in the Blanks1. ______ ________cause the majority of eye injuries in the workplace.2. Lack of adequate ______ is a respiratory hazard usually found in jobs in confined spaces.3. A slippery floor is considered a ____ hazard.4. _____ clothing should not be worn while working around moving machinery.FlyingparticlesoxygenSlide Show NotesNow it’s time for an exercise. Read through the following statements and fill in the missing blanks. [PAUSE]Here are the answers:1. Flying particles cause the majority of eye injuries in the workplace.2. Lack of adequate oxygen is a respiratory hazard usually found in jobs in confined spaces.3. A slippery floor is considered a foot hazard.4. Loose clothing should not be worn while working around moving machinery.How did you do? Did you get all of the answers or do you need to go back and review?footLoose
16 PPE Hazard Assessment— Any Questions? Do you understand:How a hazard assessment is conducted?How hazards are evaluated in regards to each part of the body?Slide Show NotesAt this point, be sure you understand:How your employer conducts a PPE hazard assessment?How hazards are evaluated in regards to each part of the body?
17 Selecting Eye and Face Protection Safety glassesGogglesFace shieldsShaded filter lensesPrescription eyewearANSI Z87Slide Show NotesIn this part of the session we’ll talk about how your employer selects the appropriate personal protective equipment for different hazards. We’ll also focus on how to properly wear and care for each piece of PPE. Let’s start with the different types of eye and face protection.Safety glasses with side protection are designed to protect against flying objects such as metal or wood chips.Goggles protect the eyes against flying objects and from floating dust, hazardous liquids, gases, and vapors.Face shields are needed to protect against splashes, hot slag, flying debris, and molten metals. The face shield that is selected should be specific to the hazard.Shaded filter lenses are worn to protect against potentially harmful light radiation, such as from welding operations or certain laser equipment.Prescription safety glasses may be appropriate if you need corrective eyewear. Wearing contact lenses is not recommended when exposed to such hazards as dust, hazardous liquids or vapors, and high temperatures.All approved eye and face protection must be marked “Z87,” meaning that it complies with the American National Standards Institute, or ANSI, standard for eye PPE.Bring examples of the different types of eye protection that have been selected for each hazard identified in your organization’s hazard assessment.
19 Selecting Respiratory Protection Filtering face piece (dust mask)Air purifying respiratorCartridge typeSlide Show NotesAs with protective eyewear, there are different kinds of respiratory PPE that may be selected according to the kind of hazards involved.A filtering face piece, or dust mask, is worn to protect against inhaling dust. You may choose to wear a dust mask voluntarily if you are exposed to low levels of dust. However, if you are exposed to high levels of dust, or hazardous dust above permissible exposure limits, or PELs, you are required to wear a filtering face piece.Air purifying respirators—either full-face or half-face—are the most common type of respiratory protection. These respirators use a cartridge or filter to purify the air being breathed, and provide protection against vapors and fumes. Air purifying respirators must be worn by workers when monitoring shows that PELs have been exceeded. At levels below the PEL, you may choose to wear a respirator.Cartridges for air purifying respirators are carefully chosen by your employer. No type of cartridge will filter out all possible contaminants, so the cartridge will be specific to the hazard. In addition, it’s important to know how long it takes for a hazardous material to “break through” the cartridge; this lets you know how often the cartridge must be replaced.
20 Selecting Respiratory Protection (cont.) Air-supplied respiratorSelf-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA)NIOSH-approvedSlide Show NotesHere are some other types of respiratory protection:Air-supplied respirators are used for high concentrations of hazardous materials or in atmospheres that do not have enough oxygen.Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus, or SCBA, is used under conditions that are immediately dangerous to life and health, such as in an emergency response to a serious chemical spill.Remember that all respirators and filtering face pieces must be certified by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, or NIOSH.Bring examples of the different types of respiratory protection that have been selected for each of the hazards identified in your organization’s hazard assessment.
21 Wear and Care of Respiratory Protection Medical approvalConduct a fit testInspect before each useSlide Show NotesThe appropriate wear and care of respiratory protection is extremely important if it is to provide proper protection.To begin, medical approval is required for some types of respirators. Our workplace’s Respiratory Protection Program includes information about the necessary medical approvals.A fit test must be conducted at least annually if you are required to wear a respirator. Fit testing involves different techniques to make sure the respirator seals to your face properly.Finally, you should always inspect your respirator before each use, checking parts such as the seal, head straps, valves, and cartridges for signs of cracking, wear, or other damage. Any damaged parts should be discarded and replaced.
22 Wear and Care of Respiratory Protection (cont.) Check the sealClean regularlyStore properlySlide Show NotesHere are some more steps to follow if you wear a respirator in the workplace.Check the seal of the respirator every time you put it on, to make sure it fits your face properly. A positive seal check involves breathing out while blocking the exhalation valve to see if air escapes. A negative seal check involves covering the inhalation valves while breathing in. The respirator should stay caved in—if it doesn’t, the seal leaks.You should clean your respirator regularly. Daily cleaning might involve using an alcohol wipe. A thorough cleaning, needed periodically, involves taking the respirator apart and cleaning it with soap and water, then leaving the parts to air dry.It’s also important to properly store respirators to protect them from dust and other contaminants. Place the respirator in a sealed plastic bag, and store so its natural shape is not distorted.
23 Image courtesy of Elvex Corporation Hearing ProtectionEarplugsCanal capsEarmuffsSlide Show NotesHearing protection is required when you work in areas that contain loud sound. There are many types of hearing protection, including earplugs, canal caps, and earmuffs.There are many different styles and brands of earplugs, but they are all very similar. Earplugs offer great protection from noise and are lightweight and unobtrusive. Just remember to make sure the plugs are clean before inserting them in your ear. Get a new pair at the beginning of each day.Canal caps are useful for employees who are exposed to loud noise for short periods of time or someone who has to walk through a high-noise area to get from one department to another. They usually do not have the same protection as the plugs because they do not enter the ear canal; they merely cap the canal’s entrance.Earmuffs are generally used as a supplemental protection from noise. They might be used in addition to earplugs to help reduce noise exposure even further. Headphones from portable radios do not count as hearing protection devices. If the earmuffs do not fit perfectly or seal adequately, they can actually increase noise exposure because noise may actually echo inside the “muff.” The following guidance should be followed when wearing earmuffs:Muffs must fully enclose the ears and seal against the head.Pull hair back and out from beneath the muffs.Make sure glasses and caps don’t interfere with seal.Adjust headband so cushions exert even pressure.Clean muffs with warm, soapy water and rinse thoroughly.Bring samples of the types of hearing protection devices that your workplace makes available to employees. Describe how employees can obtain the hearing protection devices. Where do they go to get them? What do they have to do?Image courtesy of Elvex Corporation
25 Wear and Care of Head Protection Fit properlyInspect before each useClean regularlyUsed only to protect the headSlide Show NotesHead protection needs to be worn correctly and cared for properly.Head protection must fit properly. There are different kinds of suspension systems for hard hats, and you should know how to adjust the suspension for a secure and comfortable fit.Inspect the hard hat before each use. Check for cracks or any other damage that might reduce the ability of the hard hat to provide protection. This includes inspecting the suspension system for cracks, worn straps, or other damage. Make sure the suspension system is installed properly, not backwards.Clean hard hats regularly with soap and water.Finally, hard hats should be used only for their intended purpose, which is to protect the head. They should not be used as a seat or a step stool, as this might damage them and reduce their ability to protect the head properly.
30 Selecting General Work Clothing Long-sleeve shirts and long pantsFlame-retardant clothingNo loose clothing or jewelryChemical-resistant clothingSlide Show NotesAs a final point about proper protection, we’ll discuss how general work clothing is selected to guard against possible hazards.Long-sleeve shirts and long pants help protect against skin damage from contact with hot or cold objects. Long-sleeve shirts and long pants also protect against sharp or rough materials that could cause cuts and abrasions. They also may be necessary if working in cold conditions, in addition to coats and jackets.Flame-retardant clothing should be worn by welders or grinders who are exposed to sparks.Loose clothing and jewelry should not be worn if you are exposed to moving machinery. Long hair should be tied back. The machinery might grab loose sleeves, ties, lapels, cuffs, watches, bracelets, or rings, and pull body parts into the machine.Finally, chemical-resistant clothing provides protection against the specific materials being used.Clarify what clothing is and is not required to protect workers against the specific hazards in your workplace.
31 Match the PPE protection with the type of hazard Rolling and falling objectsShaded filter lensesBump capSteel-toed footwearFlame-retardant clothingChemical-resistant glovesHazardous materialsSparksHarmful light radiationSlide Show NotesNow it’s time for another exercise. See if you can match each hazard with the type of PPE that would protect against it.To protect against potentially harmful light radiation you would wear shaded filter lenses.A form of PPE that protects against low hanging objects is a bump cap.Rolling and falling objects could crush your toes, so you should wear steel-toed footwear.To protect against sparks you would wear flame-retardant clothing.Lastly, if you are handling hazardous materials, chemical-resistant gloves may be necessary.It’s important to remember that you may have to wear multiple forms of PPE if the hazard poses a risk to other parts of your body.Low hanging objects
32 Selecting PPE— Any Questions? Do you understand:How the appropriate PPE is selected?What the limitations are?How to properly wear and care for PPE?Do you understand:How the appropriate PPE is selected?What the limitations are?How to properly wear and care for PPE?Slide Show NotesDo you understand the information presented in the previous slides? Do you understand:How the appropriate PPE is selected?What the limitations of each type of PPE are?How to properly wear and care for each type of PPE?Understanding the information will help keep you safe in the workplace.
33 Key Things to RememberEvery job function in every department is assessed for hazards.Each part of the body is taken into consideration during assessments.PPE is selected in response to specific hazards.Proper wear and care of PPE is necessary to provide effective protection.Slide Show NotesHere are some key points for you to take away from this session on personal protective equipment:Every job function in every department is assessed for hazards;Each part of the body is taken into consideration during assessments;PPE is selected in response to specific hazards; and finallyProper wear and care of PPE is necessary to provide effective protection.This concludes today’s training session on Personal Protective Equipment—What Employees Need to Know.