Population Estimates and Projections ONS projections released over the last two years has led to significant upwards revisions of projected future populations. 1) Changes to international migration methodology ONS 2010 Based Sub National Population Projections (SNPP) 2) 2011 Census population – 8.17 million ONS 2011 Based Interim SNPP 2011 Census Average Household Size increase
Where were the problems….. – 2001 Census enumeration Likely underestimation of the London population and then subsequent mid- year estimates (MYE). Any underestimate in the 2001 baseline that both ONS and the GLA utilised would have carried through into subsequent years. The extent of the undercount may prove impossible to estimate with any accuracy. – Underestimation of international inflows The methodology ONS used for assigning international in-migrants between local authorities underestimated for London as a whole. – Underestimation of average household size by government sources Household formation rates from DCLG household projections assumed declining average household size.
Forecasts: Out with the old… Average Household Size future trends – Rethink declining AHS trend particularly in the short term More sophisticated trend based assumptions – Rethink fertility scenarios – Rethink migration scenarios
2011 Census: London Population: 8.17 million usual residents Households: 3.27million, an increase of 8.3% since 2001. Over 36% born outside the UK (cf 27% in 2001) Four London boroughs where less than half population is UK born – Brent (44.9 per cent), – Newham (46.3 per cent), – Westminster (46.7 per cent) and – Kensington & Chelsea (48.4 per cent)
Percentage change 2001 to 2011: Owns with a mortgage or loan
Housing in London In London between 2001 and 2011 the number of houses and bungalows rose by 1.8 per cent (28,700) while the number of flats increased by 18.6 per cent (277,500). The number of dwellings in Tower Hamlets increased by nearly 33 % in the same period 2001- 2011. The largest proportional increase in London London is by far the most over-crowded region in England & Wales with 11.6 per cent of households having too few bedrooms for their occupants. London Boroughs make up 19 of the top 20 most overcrowded local authorities in England & Wales. The highest being Newham (25.4 per cent), Brent (18 per cent) and Tower Hamlets (16.8 per cent.
Languages in London 74 per cent of households in London contain occupants who all have English as their main language, compared to 91 per cent nationally. 22.1 per cent of Londoners list a language other than English as their main language, a total of 1.73 million people 41.6 per cent of non-English speakers in England & Wales live in London Polish is the main language of 147,800 of the capital’s residents Bengali is the most spoken Asian language in London while Somali is the most spoken African language In Newham 41.4 per cent of residents report a language other than English as their main language In Havering just 4.6 per cent list a language other than English 9 of the top 10 most linguistically diverse local authorities in England & Wales are in London
Next releases of Census data Starting May 2013 - Detailed Characteristics (multivariate) at local authority level, followed by MSOA and Ward geographies, Local Characteristics data will now be Release 4 (summer). More details of the exact timings of these releases are expected in April.