Presentation on theme: "Scotland’s 2011 Census Migration Matters Scotland Thematic Event Cecilia Macintyre 26 February 2015."— Presentation transcript:
Scotland’s 2011 Census Migration Matters Scotland Thematic Event Cecilia Macintyre 26 February 2015
Overview Some of the key results on migration The questions used Census Data Explorer Further research to come
Census day - 27 March 2011 23 rd census since 1801 Lots of planning and preparatory activity “Traditional” census approach: 95% of census questionnaires hand-delivered, 5% by post 94% response rate -20% questionnaires completed online History
Scotland’s Census Release 2A Scotland’s population More people: Scotland’s population was 5.3 million on 27 March 2011, the highest ever Population grew by over 0.2 million (4.6 per cent) since 2001 An ageing population: 17 per cent of population aged 65 and over (including 34,000 people aged 90 or over) 16 per cent of population aged under 15 (under 5s up)
Media coverage Times of India “Scotland sees 117% increase in Indian population since 2001” “Migrants 'more likely to have degrees' in Scotland” “Muslim population in Scotland is under 80,000. The vast majority are based in the West of Scotland and of Pakistani origin” “Poles are the largest migrant group in Scotland - according to the 2011 census” “Immigrant vote could sway tight Scottish independence referendum” “Ethnic minorities prefer to identify themselves as Scots” “Choose Leith? Trainspotting locations reveal the changing faces of Edinburgh” BBC News The Herald BBC News Aljazeera America The Guardian The Herald
Some facts on migration in 2011 7% (369,000) of people in Scotland were not born in the UK The great majority (89%) of the population born outside the UK arrived in the UK aged under 35; this pattern was generally reflected across all ethnic groups. The proportion of the population aged 3 and over reported as not being able to speak English well or at all was 11% for those born outside the UK. This proportion generally increased with age of arrival into the UK: for those who arrived aged under 16 it was 5% while for those who arrived aged 65 and over it was 31%. Only 8% of those aged over 16 in Scotland who had been resident in the UK for less than two years had no qualifications, compared to 28% for those over 16 who had been born in the UK. The proportion of the population of younger working age (25 to 39) was generally higher for people born outside Scotland, ranging up to 53% for people born in the EU Accession countries and 54% for who were born in a west and central African country.
Growing ethnic diversity Proportion of people reported as belonging to minority ethnic group in 2011, Aberdeen City
Language other than English spoken at home Number of people aged 3 and over
National identity (New question in 2011) Proportion of population by national identity, Scotland, 2011
Country of Birth (Q7) From this we get the primary variable, COB, for each individual. Each individual is assigned a specific country code dependent on their response, either using tick boxes 1-5 or tick box 6 and the text field. No multi-tick options are allowed in this question. If the individual ticked one of the first 4 ticks, they are instructed to miss out Q8. This information identifies all long-term international migrants not identified by their response to question 10 (your address one year ago). Combined with other statistics, this information is used to produce international and national migration statistics, which are then used to produce population projections.
Year of Arrival (Q8) From this we get the variable YRARR, for each individual that was required to answer. This question was only relevant for people that had arrived to the UK and not to those that were away from the UK for short visits. The individual enters the year & month with which they arrived in the UK.
Religion (Q13) No determination was made about whether a person was a practising member of a religion. Unlike other census questions where missing answers are imputed, this question was voluntary, and where no answer was provided the response is categorised as ‘not stated’
Ethnicity (Q15) Ethnic group classifies people according to their own perceived ethnic group and cultural background. The Ethnicity question has 6 broad categories from which the user would select one and then pick a specific ethnicity within that category, or fill in the text box underneath whilst ticking the “other” box.
What Census data is available? Population and household estimates for various geographies. Tables of the following topics at all census geographies: Population and Households Housing and Accommodation Health Ethnicity, Identity, Language and Religion Education Labour Market Transport
2011 Census Results Release 1 – headline figures on census population and household estimates Release 2 – univariate tables: Key Statistics and Quick Statistics Release 3 – multi-variate tables: Local and Detailed Characteristics tables (LC tables provide less detail than DC tables but for lower geographies – down to output area) Origin-destination (flow) statistics Census microdata files (Samples of Anonymised Records) Alternative population statistics: workplace and ‘daytime’ population Commissioned tables service Analytical reports
Current data on migrants Here are the tables available that include information on migrants Country of birth by age Country of birth by ethnic group Country of birth by religion by sex Country of birth by national identity Country of birth by English language skills Country of birth by long-term health conditions Country of birth by age of arrival in the UK Economic activity by country of birth Length of residence in the UK by car or van availability Length of residence in the UK by tenure Length of residence in the UK by household size Length of residence in the UK by household type Length of residence in the UK by number of rooms Highest level of qualification by length of residence in the UK
Census Data Explorer Quick, easy (and FREE!) online access to the results from Scotland’s 2011 Census All the standard output tables for all the available geographies Area profiles Data visualisations and maps online Range of supporting information
Results still to come Census microdata files (samples of anonymised records) Analytical reports Scottish Government report on characteristics of migrants Additional tables for Migration Matters project along with commentary of strengths and weaknesses of Census as a source
Further information All data available at: http://www.scotlandscensus.gov.ukhttp://www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk Sign up there for our e-newsletter Enquiries: Customer@gro-scotland.gsi.gov.ukCustomer@gro-scotland.gsi.gov.uk @NatRecordsScot