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Photography Composition using the Elements and Principles of Design
ELEMENTS The basic building blocks of a visual design: Line Shape/FormSpace Value Texture Color
LINE Directs the eye – horizontal, vertical, diagonal, curvy, zig-zag, etc. Can be actual obvious lines or the borders or edges of shapes
SHAPE / FORM A contained area Shapes are 2-DimensionalForms are 3-Dimensional
SHAPE / FORM Can be GEOMETRIC (artificial) or can be ORGANIC (natural)Used to create a sense of space and substance
SPACE Positive space – the area the objects/subject takes upNegative space – the area around, under, through and between
SPACE Foreground (closest), middle ground, and background (farthest)Can be open, crowded, near, far, etc. Gives the photo depth
VALUE Black & white and all shades of gray in betweenIn colour photos, value refers to dark and light Can add drama and impact to composition
TEXTURE Surface quality (rough, smooth, pointy, etc.)How an object feels, or how it looks like it feels Adds interest! Appeals to sense of sight & touch
COLOUR Can be WARM (red, orange, yellow) or COOL (blue, green, violet)Helps to give emotional impact
COLOUR Red, yellow, and blue are PRIMARY coloursCOMPLIMENTARY colours are opposite on the colour wheel (red-green, yellow-violet, blue-orange) and make each other appear brighter
PRINCIPLES How the ELEMENTS of design are used to create artistic, interesting, and visually appealing photographs: Emphasis Balance Unity/Harmony Contrast Movement Pattern/Repetition
EMPHASIS Also known as the FOCAL POINTWhat part of the photograph does the viewer’s eye go to first? What is the most important?
BALANCE A sense of stability and equal weight in a photoCan be SYMETRICAL (both sides are the same) or ASYMETRICAL (each side is different)
UNITY / HARMONY When all parts of a photograph work together as a whole and nothing overpowers
CONTRAST The opposites and differences in a photographYou can achieve variety by using different shapes, textures, colors, etc.
MOVEMENT Adds excitement by showing action and/or directing the viewer’s eye around the photo
PATTERN / REPETITION An element that occurs over and over againThe element might repeat in a consistent pattern, or a variety of ways
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Color Wheel Warm Colors Cool Colors Primary Colors: Secondary Colors: Red/MagentaYellowBlue/ Cyan OrangeGreenPurple/violet The three main colors on the.
Objectives To identify elements and principles of design.
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