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Battles of the Civil War

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1 Battles of the Civil War
Fort Sumter to Appomattox Court House

2 Fort Sumter April 12th-14th 1861 Charleston, SC Commanders:
Robert Anderson P.G.T. Beauregard Confederate Victory Charleston Federal Fort No casualties gave false hope for a quick war 1st shots fired and 1st battle of the Civil War “A bloodless opening to the bloodiest war in American History”

3 1st Manassas July 21st, 1861 Commanders: Manassas, Virginia
Irvin McDowell Joseph E. Johnston, P.G.T. Beauregard Manassas, Virginia Confederate Victory Landmarks – Major Railroad, Bull Run River Where “Stonewall” Jackson got his name 1st sizeable engagement, much higher casualties (close to 5,000) – shocked and made country aware that war would not be quick. Jackson named “Stonewall”

4 2nd Manassas August 28th-30th, 1862 Commanders: Manassas, Virginia
John Pope Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson Manassas, Virginia Confederate Victory Landmarks – Major Railroad, Bull Run River, Henry Hill

5 Shiloh April 6th-7th, 1862 Shiloh, Tennessee Commanders Union Victory
Ulysses S. Grant, Don Carlos Buell Albert Johnston P.G.T. Beauregard Union Victory Tennessee River, Hornet’s Nest The North wins battle but loses more men, Johnston killed Bloodiest battle yet – more men die than in all previous US wars combined (24,000)

6 Antietam September 16th-18th 1862 Sharpsburg, Maryland Commanders:
George B. McClellan, Burnside Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson Cornfield, Burnside’s Bridge, Sunken Road Inconclusive – Single Bloodiest Day of battle** N intercepts S battle plans but thinks it’s fake, bloodiest battle: Union – 12,410 dead, Confederacy – 13,724

7 Fredericksburg December 11th - 15th, 1862 Fredericksburg, VA
Commanders: Ambrose E. Burnside Robert E. Lee Confederate Victory Landmark – Rappahannock River, Marye’s Heights Decisive battle, Burnside fired

8 Chancellorsville April 30th – May 6th, 1863 Chancellorsville, VA
Commanders: Joseph Hooker Robert E. Lee Confederate Victory – MAJOR Union loss Rappahannock River, the Wilderness Jackson mortally wounded, Hooker fired

9 Gettysburg July 1st-3rd, 1863 Gettysburg, PA Commanders: Union victory
George C. Meade Robert E. Lee Union victory Little Round Top, Devil’s Den, rocky terrain Over 165,620 troops engaged in this battle – 50,000 casualties Show “Animated Battle Map” from!

10 Chickamaugua September 18th-20th, 1863 Chickamaugua, GA Commanders:
William S. Rosecrans Braxton Bragg, James Longstreet Confederate victory West Chickamaugua Creek (means river of death) Rosecrans fired, Thomas put in charge 35,000 casualties

11 Chattanooga November 23rd-25th, 1863 Chattanooga, TN Commanders
Ulysses S. Grant Braxton Bragg Union victory Orchard Knob, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge “Gateway to the lower South” – Led to Sherman’s March

12 Siege at Petersburg June 9th 1864 – March 25th, 1865
Richmond to Petersburg, VA Commanders: Ulysses S. Grant, George Meade P.G.T Beauregard, Robert E. Lee Union victory Railroads, trenches, crater Trench warfare, crucial supply center, featured the largest concentration of colored troops

13 Sherman’s March to Sea November 15th – December 21st 1864
Atlanta to Savannah, GA Commanders William Tecumseh Sherman Joseph Wheeler Union victory Marched Southeast along Savannah River to sea Devastating to the Confederacy and to Georgia, “total warfare”

14 Appomattox Court House
April 9th, 1865 Appomattox, VA Commanders: Ulysses S. Grant Robert E. Lee Union Victory Lenient terms, Confederates allowed to return home and began long and difficult road to reunification Soldiers - 63,000 Union & 26,000 Confederate Show video of Surrender:

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