4 Future Tense Simple Future Future Progressive Future Perfect willbe going toFuture Progressivewill + be + verb + ingbe + going to + be + verb + ingFuture Perfectwill + have + past participleFuture Perfect Progressivewill + have + been + verb + ing
5 Future Simple will and be going to – use for future time will + verb predictionwillingness (plan made at the moment of speaking)refusal (will not = won’t)be + going to + verb (be + gonna + verb)plan (made before the moment of speaking)Key words: tomorrow, tonight, next week
6 Compare situations p. 63 A: Are you busy tonight? B: Yes, I’m going to meet Julie at 7. We’re going to study together.In this situation only be going to is possible because the speaker has a prior plan.B: Well, I haven’t made any plans. I’ll eat dinner, and then I’ll probably watch TV.In this situation both will or be going to is possible because the speaker is predicting the night
7 Ex. 9 p. 64 c - plan a - prediction 3. A: c – plan B: b – willingness
8 Exercise 10 p. 64 1. willingness 2. plan 3. prediction 4. plan
9 Expressing Future in Time Clauses Time Clauses: dependent clause****begin with words like: ____ and include a subject and verbwhenbeforeas soon asafteruntilwhile
10 Time Clauses – Expressing Future Time Clause begins with words like:When, before, after, as soon as, until, or while + subject + verbWhen + subject + verb = time clauseWhen the meaning of the time clause is future, the SIMPLE PRESENT is used.When Bob comes, we will see him.
11 Future in Time ClausesPresent Progressive – to express an activity in progress in the futureWhile I am traveling in Europe next year, I am going to save money by staying in youth hostels.Present Perfect – emphasizes the completion of one act before a second act in the future. (both same meaning)I will go to bed after I finish my homework.I will go to bed after I have finished my homework.
12 Exercise 14 p. 67 Dependent clause (time clause) , independent clause Independent clause (no comma) dependent clause (time clause) 2. After the rain stops, I'm going to sweep the front porch.3. I'm going to start making dinner before my wife gets home from work today.4. I'm going to wait right here until Sonya comes.5. As soon as the war is over, there will be new elections.6. Right now the tide is low, but when the tide comes in, the ship will leave the harbor.
13 Exercise 15: 2. eat... will probably take/ am probably going to take 3. get... will give/ am going to give4. watch.. .will call/am going to call5. will wait/ am going to wait... comes6. stops... will walk/am going to walk7. graduate... intend... will go/am going to go... get8. will listen.... am going to listen... am sleeping
14 Present Progressive – future meaning Use to express future time when the idea of the sentence is a planned event or a strong intention.Future meaning is indicated by the future time words!He is leaving at noon tomorrow.After lunch, I am meeting a friend. We are going shopping.
15 Simple Present- future meaning Events that are on a definite schedule or timetable, these events contain future time words.few verbs can be used: open close begin end start finish arrive leave come returnThe museum opens at 10:00 tomorrow morning.Classes begin next week.John’s plane arrives at 6:05pm next Monday.
16 Exercise 18 future now habitually A: now B: now A: future A: future B: future A: future
17 Future ProgressiveUsed for an activity that will be in progress at a time in the future.will + be + verb + ingI will be studying when you come.2. Be going to + be + verb +ingI am going to be studying at the library.Key words: when, after, as soon as, before
18 Exercise 22 1. is going to be studying/will be studying... am going to be finishing/will be finishing2. is going to be seeing/will be seeing....is going to be doing/will be doing....is going to be talking/will be talking.
19 Exercise 23 arrive; will be waiting/is going to be waiting get; will be shining/is going to be shining; will be singing/are going to be singing; will still be lying/is still going to be lyingA: will be enjoying/am going to be enjoyingB: will be thinking/am going to be thinkingwill be/ am going to be in Chicago visitingwill be / am going to be working at the library
20 Future PerfectAn action that will end before another action or time in the future.Will + have + past participleI will graduate in June. I will see you in July. By the time I see you, I will have graduated.Key words: by the time you go/do; already
21 Future Perfect Progressive Duration (how long) an activity will be in progress before another time or event in the future.Will + have + been + verb + ingI will have been sleeping for two hours by the time you get home.Key words: by the time, for ten days, by
22 Exercise 25Future Perfect and Future Perfect Progressive (rarely used)1. have been... had been... will have been2. get... will have already arrived3. got...had already arrived4. have been sitting ... had been sitting... will have been sitting5. will have begun... will have been teaching6. will have been driving7.get/will have taken8. will have been running9. will have been
26 Exercise 11, p. 7 has already studied had already studied will already have studiedhas been studyinghad been studyingwill have been studying
27 Practice 11. has never flown 2. have been waiting... hasn't arrived 3. are.... reach 4. didn't own... had owned 5. are having... has been 6. will have left... get 7. went... got....were dancing.... were talking... was standing... had never met... introduced 8. was sitting.... heard....got.... looked....had just backed
28 Practice 21. am taking... leave.... am going.... leave....am going to go.... is studying.... has lived..... knows has promised....have never been.... am looking 2. had been raining.... dropped..... is going to be.... changes..... wake.....will be snowing
29 Practice 3 1. had been 10 was wearing 2. met 11. had changed 3. had missed12. was still4. was13. asked5. got14. had gained6. took15. had turned7. was16. looked8. had grown17. were9. was
30 Practice 4 1. will have been 11. will have changed 2. will meet 12. will still be3. will have missed13. will ask4. will be14. will probably have gained5. get15. will have turned6. will take16. will look7. will no longer be17. will be8. will have grown9. will be10. will probably wear