2 Tenses used to describe future are: Future Perfect Continuous Simple PresentPresent ContinuousFuture SimpleBe going to futureFuture ContinuousFuture Perfect SimpleFuture Perfect Continuous
3 Present SimpleWe use it in a future meaning when we are talking about timetables, programmes,(for public transportation, cinemas etc), something officially plannedWhat time does the film begin?The train leaves London at 10:30.Although the action takes place in the future, it takes place regularly and is set by a timetable.
4 What time do you finish work tomorrow? I start my new job on Monday. We can use the simple present tense to talk about people if their plans are fixed like a timetable (such as politicians, businessmen)What time do you finish work tomorrow?I start my new job on Monday.My class begins at 9 tomorrow and finishes at 12.We don’t use present simple for personal arrangements
5 Present continuousWe use it for personal arrangements when we have already arranged to do something, with decisions and firm plans in the future (to be going to –very close, but Present continuous is much stronger, the plans are more firm and better prepared)He is having dinner with Ann next Friday.Are you playing tennis tomorrow morning?It is common with verbs: go, come visit, have ( a party), leave.
6 Auxiliary verb WILL + Main Verb Base form Future SimpleThe future simple is formed:Auxiliary verb WILL + Main Verb Base formIt is used:Decisions - to make decisions that are made at the time of speakingWe will eat dinner today at 6:00PMWe will clean your room this week.Desire - Willingness - to state desire or willingness for something or someoneThe girls will be happy to go on holiday for a few weeks.I will be happy to help you today.Facts - to state a fact about the futureMy teacher will be happy, the whole class passed the test.The phone bill will be very very high, my father will be very upset.
7 Predict - to predicate a future event or action I think it will rain this afternoon.My sister will be a great teacher.Formal Statements - to make a formal statement about a future action or eventThe president will make a public announcement on Tuesday at 8:00PM.The school will be closed for a few days.Suggestions - to make suggestions or state ideasWe will be happy drive you to the store.Will we go to the store tonight or tomorrow morning.Request - to make a requestWill you come with me to the store?You will do your homework now.
8 AFFIRMATIVE FORM NEGATIVE FORM SUBJECTAUX VERB WILLMAIN VERB (BASE FORM)COMPLEMENTITheyMy dog Yourwillbegocomeat school today.to the doctor tomorrow.home this evening.Short form: will = ‘llNEGATIVE FORMSUBJECTAUX VERB WILL + NOTMAIN VERB (BASE FORM)COMPLEMENTITheyMy dog Yourwill notbegocomeat school today.to the doctor tomorrow.home this evening.Short form: will not = won’t
9 time to go to the store? home next week? you clean your room latter? INTERROGATIVE FORMAUX VERB WILLSUBJECTMAIN VERB (BASE FORM)COMPLEMENTWillIyouyour friends someonehavebehelpcometime to go to the store? home next week?you clean your room latter?some milk and cheese?
10 Future Progressive or Continuous It is formed: WILL + BE + VERB-INGUses:Emphasize - to emphasize an action or an event that will be in progress at sometime in the future.Next week we will be asking in the mountains.Tomorrow my parents are coming to visit out new house.A future activity already plannedBy this time tomorrow. I’ll be lying on the beach.To describe simple futurity with a “softening effect”I’ll work on this morning. (intention, possibly a promise)I’ll be working on this morning. (futurity)Arrangements and plans- to refer to planned eventsWe’ll be spending the winter in Australia.Professor Carig will be giving a lecture tomorrow evening.
11 AFFIRMATIVE FORM NEGATIVE FORM SUBJECT AUX VERB WILL AUX VERB BE MAIN VERB -INGCOMPLEMENTYouThe childrenMy stormwillbeworkingstartingcomingfor the next few days.school next week.soon.NEGATIVE FORMSUBJECTAUX VERB WILLNOTAUX VERBBEMAIN VERB -INGCOMPLEMENTYouThe childrenMy stormwillnotnot notbeworkingstartingcomingfor the next few days.school next week.soon.
12 INTERROGATIVE FORM AUX VERB WILL SUBJECT AUX VERB BE MAIN VERB -ING COMPLEMENTWillyouthe childrenmy stormbeworkingstartingcomingfor the next few days?school next week?soon.?
13 The future simple perfect Form:WILL+HAVE+PAST PARTICIPLEThe Future Perfect shows the time before which something will finish.Expresses action in the future before another action in the futureTo express an action that will be completed before a definite time or event in the future:Examples:They will have finished their work by 3 o’clock tomorrow.I’ll have finished my work by the time you read this book.She will have written all the letters when you have come.
14 MAIN VERB (PAST PARTIPLE) It is often used with "by" and "not", "for" and "until" to state that the action or event will be completed at time in the future.AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCESSUBJECTAUX VERB WILLAUX VERBHAVEMAIN VERB(PAST PARTICPLE )COMPLEMENTNEGATIVE FORMSUBJECTAUX VERB WILLNOTAUX VERBHAVEMAIN VERB (PAST PARTIPLE)COMPLEMENTINTERROGATIVE FORMAUX VERB WILLSUBJECTAUX VERBHAVEMAIN VERB(PAST PARTIPLE)COMPLEMENT
15 EXAMPLES:On Sunday I have to work late. When I get home I will have eaten dinner.The test is in a week from tomorrow, I hope you will have prepared for it.My sister is coming to visit next week. I will not have moved into my new house by then.On Tuesday I will leave at eight o'clock in the morning, but will not have gotten to work in time for the meeting.Will I have worked here long enough to get a bonus check?Will you have saved enough money to come see me next year?
16 WILL +HAVE +BEEN +ING FORM The Future Perfect Continuous TenseFORM:WILL +HAVE +BEEN +ING FORMUSES:Emphasize how long an event will be in progress at a future time stress the length of time of an event or action in the future.To state the results of an action or event in the future.Represent a continuous action that stated at some point, and continues into some point in the future.State the results of a future action, after an other future action. (2 actions that will take place in the future, one action takes place before, the 2nd action)
17 EXAMPLES:In the fall I will have been studying here for 2 years.My son will have been in teaching for 10 years next month.The teacher will have been teaching my children for 5 years next month.The dogs will have been playing for 3 hours in 10 minutes.Tammy will be very tired when she comes home, because she will have been flying over 24 hours.
18 Going to FORM: SUBJECT+ VERB TO BE (PRESENT)+GOING TO+ MAIN VERB Planed Events - When a future event that has been planed before the time of speaking.I am going to Mexico in a few days.They are going to university next year.Predictions - To make a future prediction based on facts.There is going to be a really big storm in a few hours.The test next week is going to be really hard.Intentions - To state that something is intended to take place in the future, in informal conversations.I am going to be a rich person someday.The puppies are going to make a big mess in house