Principles of Design – Your Rules 1. Proportion 2. Scale 3. Balance 4. Rhythm 5. Emphasis 6. Harmony
Principle of Proportion Proportion is the size relationship within an object or design Out of proportion is NOT pleasing to the eye.
Principle of Scale A room is in SCALE when the dimensions of the objects in the entire room are harmonious.
Principle of Balance Symmetrical (Formal) Balance Asymmetrical (Informal) Balance.
Principle of Rhythm Rhythm moves the eye from one area to another.
Repetition - repeating colors, lines, forms, or textures. Principle of Rhythm
Opposition – lines meeting to form right angles. Principle of Rhythm
Transition – curved lines leading your eye from one part to another. Principle of Rhythm
Radiation - lines move outward from a central point. Principle of Rhythm
Gradation - gradual increase or decrease of color, size, or pattern. Principle of Rhythm
The focal point that first catches the viewer’s attention. Principle of Emphasis
When all parts of a design “agree” either through UNITY or through VARIETY. Principle of Harmony
Unity - when all the parts of a design are related by one idea. Principle of Harmony
Variety - combining different styles and materials together. Principle of Harmony
Finishing Applying the elements and principles of design takes thoughtful selection and placement combined with imagination Your eye is the ultimate judge of good design for you Your may never be ‘done’ It is like raising a child; there is always something to nurture, something to organize, and something that is not going to behave just as you’d like it to. That’s part of the challenge and the beauty.