# Objective 3.04: Apply the principles of design.. 3. Balance: There are 2 types of balance: 1.Symmetrical (Formal) Balance 2.Asymmetrical (Informal) Balance.

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Objective 3.04: Apply the principles of design.

3. Balance: There are 2 types of balance: 1.Symmetrical (Formal) Balance 2.Asymmetrical (Informal) Balance

Symmetrical Balance – if a space is divided in half, then both sides would be identical.

Symmetry suggests dignity, quiet, rest, and calm. Taj Mahal

Asymmetrical Balance - if the space is divided in half, the sides are unmatched, but appear to be in balance.

4. Rhythm

Rhythm – a pattern that moves the eye from one area to another

Repetition - repeating colors, lines, forms, or textures.

Opposition – lines meeting to form right angles

Transition – curved lines leading your eye from one part to another

Radiation - lines move outward from a central point.

House in Jigozen, Japan by Suppose Design Office

Complete: “The Principle of Rhythm”

5. Emphasis

Emphasis - the focal point that first catches the viewer’s attention

The focal point doesn’t have to be expensive.

Instead of 1 large object, you can use a collection of smaller ones.

6. Harmony

Harmony is when all the parts of a design are in agreement There are 2 ways for designs to “agree” - through UNITY or through VARIETY.

Unity - when all the parts of a design are related by one idea. When there is unity among design elements, the result is design harmony.

Unity can be created by choosing items with similar characteristics.

Variety is combining different styles and materials together.

Variety adds interest to a design, but confusion can result if too much is used.

Unity and variety must be combined to create harmony.

Remember PROPORTIONSCALE BAL ANCE R H YT H M H EMP H ASIS Harmony

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