Presentation on theme: "By Joseph Baker. Coronary artery disease is the narrowing of the arteries that supply oxygenated blood to the heart. In the inception, you may not even."— Presentation transcript:
Coronary artery disease is the narrowing of the arteries that supply oxygenated blood to the heart. In the inception, you may not even know that anything is wrong, but as the coronary arteries become more and more clogged by the build up of plaque, you could develop the disease.
Chest pain: You could feel tightness in your chest like someone is pushing into you. Shortness of Breath: You may start to have trouble breathing because your heart is struggling to pump blood to the rest of your body. Heart attack: A heart attack occurs when a coronary artery is completely blocked. If you are having a heart attack, you may feel extreme pressure in your chest and shortness of breath
As with many diseases, coronary artery disease can by hereditary, but other causes may include: Smoking High Blood Pressure Diabetes High Cholesterol
Age: With age, people become more susceptible to narrowing coronary arteries. Gender: Coronary artery disease is more common in males than females Smoking: Nicotine constricts your blood vessels making it more challenging for your heart to receive oxygenated blood. Obesity: Being overweight can make other risk factors even worse. Family Genes: If a family has a history of coronary artery disease, you have a higher chance of developing the disease yourself.
Approximately 1 in every 20 people in the United States have coronary artery disease. 1 in 5 men and 1 in 7 women die from coronary heart disease. Coronary artery disease has the highest death toll in Scotland. Heart related diseases are the number one killer in America.
A doctor will usually determine if a person has coronary artery disease through a series of tests including: An EKG An x-ray of the chest Blood tests A stress test
Lifestyle Changes: Sometimes the only thing someone has to do to treat coronary artery disease is change their diet. By eating healthier, they can reduce or completely prevent high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Medications: Sometimes a doctor will prescribe medications as a treatment with this disease. Procedures: If medications and lifestyle changes aren’t enough, a doctor may have to resort to suggesting a coronary artery bypass or an angioplasty.
If you control your risk factors, than your chance of developing the disease decreases significantly. If you know that someone in your family has coronary artery disease, you should tell your doctor so that he/she can take steps to delay or completely prevent it.
It is very important that you stay in shape by getting a lot of exercise. Try to have a healthy diet. Visit your doctor on a normal basis and keep track of you blood pressure, blood cholesterol, and blood sugar levels.
"MedlinePlus - Health Information from the National Library of Medicine." National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Aug. 2013.. "Mayo Clinic." Mayo Clinic. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Aug. 2013..