2 coronary heart disease heart attack and Heart disease is a broad term that includes several more specific heart conditions. The most common heart condition is:coronary heart diseaseheart attack andother serious conditions such as:AnginaArrhythmia.
3 Coronary heart disease In coronary heart disease (CHD), the coronary arteries become clogged with fatty deposits. The deposits, called plaques, cause a narrowing of the arteries through which the blood reaches the heart muscle
4 Heart With Muscle Damage and Blocked Artery Heart attackA heart attack occurs when the supply of blood and oxygen to an area of heart muscle is blocked, usually by a clot in a coronary arteryHeart With Muscle Damage and Blocked Arteryhttp/Library/Medicine/Cardiovascular/HeartAttack
6 Other serious conditions AnginaChest pain or discomfort that occurs when the heart muscle is not getting enough bloodArrhythmiasIrregular, or abnormally fast or slow, beating of the heartOther serious conditions
7 Health issues in Panama Cardiovascular diseases, especially heart diseases and diabetes are the main problems of this kind.In Panama a person dieeach 4 hours because of this fact.
8 Tendency to overweight in adults over 18 years old , which stood at 34 Tendency to overweight in adults over 18 years old , which stood at 34.1% over the whole country in 2000 and has remained in place until 36.6% for 2007.
9 33.3% of women are overweight and 21.8% are obese. in the urban area the problem is concentrated mostly for both sex, with a prevalence of 35.% For overweight and 20.6% for obesity.
10 Uncontrollable risk factors: Male sexOlder ageFamily history of heart diseasePost-menopausal
11 Controllable risk factors include: Smoking.High LDL, or "bad" cholesterol and low HDL, or "good" cholesterol.Uncontrolled hypertension (high blood pressure).Physical inactivity.Obesity (more than 20% over one's ideal body weight).Uncontrolled diabetes.Uncontrolled stress and anger.source
12 Ways to reduce the risk of heart disease: Remain Physically Active Do Not SmokeModerate Your AlcoholConsumptionStay On A Healthy DietKeep A Healthy WeightCombat High Blood CholesterolKeep High Blood Pressurein CheckKeep Diabetes Controlled
13 Main Causes of Death in the United States Health Issues in the United StatesHeart disease is the leading cause of death for Americans 24 years of age and olderAlmost 700,000 people die of heart disease each yearSource:Main Causes of Death in the United States
14 Health Issues in the United States - Obesity In the past 20 years, the percentage of obese people in America has risen dramaticallyBy 2007, only Colorado had under 20% of obese peopleSource:
15 Overweight and Obesity – Contributing Factors Energy imbalance – eating too many calories and not getting enough physical activityBody weight as the result of genes, metabolism, behavior, environment, culture and socioeconomic statusBehavior and environment play the largest role over obesity/overweight people and they are the greatest areas for prevention and treatment actionsSource:
16 CDC-Funded Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Programs At state and local levels, the CDC funds state departments of health to conduct heart disease and stroke prevention programs Currently, 33 State Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Programs are fundedFunded states promote policy and systems-level changes to control high blood pressure and high cholesterol in health care, work site and community settingsSource:
17 State Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Programs Helping health care providers make system changes designed to improve hearth health outcomes – example: increasing the number of people who have their blood pressure under control.Promoting hearth-healthy and stroke-free work site policies and programs such as smoke-free workplaces and insurance coverage for employee preventive services.Promoting training and standard protocols for emergency medical service pracitioners. According to
18 Heart diseases treatments Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)Valvuloplasty (balloon treatment for valves)Implantation of stents (stent) in coronary arteryTreatment of electrophysiology (arrhythmia)