Presentation on theme: "By Cyneetha Strong, MD May 19, 2012. Diseases and conditions pertaining to the heart and vascular (blood vessels) system Primarily includes heart."— Presentation transcript:
Diseases and conditions pertaining to the heart and vascular (blood vessels) system Primarily includes heart attack, stroke, high blood pressure, congestive heart failure May also include arrhythmias, PVD, ESRD, congenital heart defects
Myocardial infarction – “heart attack” – damage to the heart caused by block blood vessels Congestive heart failure – heart becomes weak and unable to pump enough blood and oxygen throughout the body to meet it’s needs Stroke – damage to the brain from blocked blood vessel in the brain High blood pressure – increased force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries (140/90 mmHg or higher). This causes the heart to work too hard, increasing risk of heart disease and stroke
Arrhythmias – irregular heart rhythms PVD (peripheral vascular disease) – narrowing of blood vessels in the legs resulting in pain and decreased blood flow – “poor blood circulation” ESRD (end stage renal disease) – kidney failure requiring dialysis or kidney transplant
Heart disease is the #1 killer in the US, causing more deaths than cancer, lung disease, accidents and diabetes combined. Nearly 2400 Americans die of CVD every day 1 death every 37 seconds, 100 this hour Estimated direct and indirect cost of CVD for $475.3 billion. 38% women, 25% men die within 1 year of heart attack
Smoking High blood pressure High blood cholesterol Physical inactivity Obesity or overweight Diabetes
1 risk factor 2x risk of person with no risk factor 2 risk factors 4x risk 3 risk factors 10x risk
Don’t smoke and avoid second hand smoke Male smokers die 13.2 years earlier than nonsmokers Female smokers die 14.5 years earlier than nonsmokers 35% of deaths from smoking related to CVD Nonsmokers exposed to secondhand smoke have 25-30% increase risk of heart disease Get regular exercise Aim to get at least150 minutes of cardio per week (30 minutes 5 times a week) 10,000 steps daily Add activity to everyday life Know your numbers Blood pressure, cholesterol, blood glucose
Eat a heart healthy diet Low in saturated fats, trans fats, sodium, cholesterol Include whole grains, vegetables, fruit, healthy fats Maintain a healthy weight Know your BMI (Body Mass Index) Ask your doctor about your ideal weight 5-10% loss of body weight produces risk reduction See your doctor for regular exams Take medication as prescribed
Blood pressure Normal = 120/80 or less Pre-hypertension = between 120/80 and 140/90 High blood pressure = 140/90 or higher Over 40% of Black American adults have high blood pressure. The prevalence of high blood pressure in Blacks Americans the highest in the world, and it is increasing. Highest rates of high blood pressure in those who are middle-age or older, overweight or obese, physically inactive, diabetic, and less educated.
Cholesterol Total – 200 or less LDL- “lousy”/bad cholesterol – 130 or less HDL – “happy”/good – the higher the better Increased risks if less than 40 for men, less than 50 for women Triglycerides – less than 150, the lower the better A 10% decrease in total cholesterol may result in a 30% reduction in heart disease Less than half of people needing treatment for cholesterol are receiving it. Less than one third of those being treated are at goal, less than 20% of CHD patients at goal
Blood Glucose Normal – less than 100 fasting Pre-diabetes – fasting blood sugar 100-126 Diabetes – more than 126 fasting(two separate occasions), or more than 200 random At least 65% of people with diabetes die of heart disease or stroke. 30% of people with diabetes are unaware they have it.
American Heart Association Heart Disease & Stroke Statistics-2009 Update www.americanheart.org www.americanheart.org National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion www.cdc.gov/omh/AMH/factsheets/cardio.htm. www.cdc.gov/omh/AMH/factsheets/cardio.htm The Office of Minority Health www.omh.gov www.omh.gov The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute www.nhlbi.gov www.nhlbi.gov
If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him. James 1:5 Trust in the Lord with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding. In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths. Proverbs 3:5-6