SeaWorld trainers use operant conditioning techniques to train marine mammals. When an animal performs a particular behavior and the consequences of that behavior are in some ways reinforcing to that animal, the animal is likely to repeat that behavior. For instance, if a whale splashes its trainer, : the trainer becomes wet, then of several consequences may follow, trainer jumps backward, the crowd cheers, etc. If any of these consequences is reinforcing to the whale, the whale is likely to repeat the splashing behavior.
http://videos.howstuffworks.com/animal- planet/37897-most-outrageous-killer-whale-training- video.htm While watching the video list behaviors you observe and the reward the whale receives. BehaviorReward
Two Types of Rewards Rewards 1.) I will buy you lunch – your choice! 2.) You and the whole class get free sodas! 3.) I will give you 20 dollars! 4.) I will give you 20 extra credit points!
Primary and Secondary 1.) I will buy you lunch – your choice! 2.) You and the whole class get free sodas! 3.) I will give you 20 dollars! 4.) I will give you 20 extra credit points!
Operant Conditioning Vocab Primary Reinforcement – something necessary for psychological or physical survival that is used as a reward Secondary Reinforcement – anything that comes to represent a primary reinforcer, such as money
B.F. Skinner worked with pigeons to show operant conditioning.
We see operant conditioning a lot in parenting… Good Grades Rewarded Tantrums Punished
Rewards and Punishments Positive Reinforcement Increase a behavior by giving a reward, something pleasant Negative Reinforcement Increase a behavior by removing something unpleasant Punishment Decrease a behavior by following it with unpleasant consequences
What have you done recently that was positively reinforced, negatively reinforced, or punished? Try to find an example for each. Write Positive Reinforcement = Negative Reinforcement/punishment =
Physical Therapy Watch the video: What type of reinforcement is being used? Is it successful?
Video: Discovery Ed. Operant Conditioning 1.Explain how conditioning was used with coyotes? 2.How is Operant Conditioning used in physical therapy? 1.Conditioning w/ Coyotes – 2.Operant in physical therapy
Today’s Summative Using the three types of Operant Conditioning, prove what you learned today. Give examples. Use Pen. Turn in today. There are three ways Operant Conditioning can be achieved. The first is…… Operant Conditioning can be learned using three types of reinforcement. The first is…..