Presentation on theme: "Issues in Modern Africa"— Presentation transcript:
1 Issues in Modern Africa SS7CG3 The student will analyze how politics in Africa impacts standard of living.a. Compare how various factors, including gender, affect access to education in Kenya and Sudan.b. Describe the impact of government stability on the distribution of resources to combat AIDS and famine across Africa.
2 Problems after Independence By 1980 most of Africa was free from European rule.However, many of the newly independent countries face many problems.Many countries are constantly at war with each other. Mainly, it is the ethnic groups fighting each other.Because governments are unstable, they are unable to control the economy or healthcare or education in their countries.
3 Problems in 21st Century Africa DiseasePovertyDroughtPoor EducationCivil WarEthnic ConflictGenocideFamine
4 EQ: How do factors, such as gender, affect access to education in Kenya and Sudan? Literacy rates are lower for women than men in AfricaReasons: Girls are often kept at home to help with household chores, gathering water, farming, and child rearing
5 EQ: How does the literacy rate affect the standard of living across Africa? Higher literacy rates = higher GDP = higher standard of livingLiteracy rates in Africa average about 50%Reasons:Civil war keeps children from going to schoolGovernment instability impacts money spent on education.South Africa, the most developed country in Africa, only has a literacy rate of 83%
6 EQ: How does government stability impact the distribution of resources to combat AIDS and famine across Africa?Famine-extreme shortage of foodMajor problem in Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, and South SudanReasons:1. Drought2. Desertification3. Not enough food can be produced for the growing population4. Government instability and corruption-food distribution is not properly managed by the government-the food does not always reach the people who need it
9 Facts about AIDS in Africa 1. 6,800 people die PER DAY of AIDS2. The first case of HIV/AIDS in Africa was reported in 1982.3. Of the 33 million people living with HIV/AIDS across the world, 27.7 million are in Africa.4. More than 5 million people are said to be living with HIV/AIDS in South Africa, the highest number of any country in the world.5. In 2007, 2 million people died due to HIV/AIDS. 1,850,000 lived in Africa.6. Women account for 59% of adults aged 15 and over said to be living with HIV/AIDS in Africa.7. South Africa has been hardest hit by the AIDS epidemic. One in five adults is HIV positive.8. South Africa also has one of the highest numbers of children under 15 living with HIV/AIDS in the world; estimates range from 180,000 to 280,000.million people in Africa receive Antiretroviral Therapy (ART), medications for the treatment of infection by retroviruses, primarily HIV.10. An additional 8.7 million are in need of this medicine: ART.11. There are 15 million AIDS orphans living around the world, 13 million of whom are in Africa.12. HIV is the leading cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2006, AIDS-related deaths accounted for nearly half of all deaths in South Africa.HIV/AIDS statistics for Africa at the end of 2007, compared to the rest of the world.
10 EQ: How does government stability impact the distribution of resources to combat AIDS and famine across Africa?AIDS(Acquired Immune Deficiency Disorder)HIV(Human Immunodeficiency Virus)one of the leading causes of death in Africa.Reasons:Lack of education on how to preventLack of available healthcare-medicine, doctors(especially in countries with unstable governments)South Africa has one of the highest rates of AIDS infection in the world.
11 Malariatropical disease spread throughout the region carried by mosquitoesBig problem in Central Africa.Each year more than 1 million die from this disease.For instance malaria is the leading cause of death in children under five in Uganda.Insecticides and mosquito nets can drastically lower the number of infections- if people can get these resources