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African Health Issues.

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Presentation on theme: "African Health Issues."— Presentation transcript:

1 African Health Issues

2 African Health Issues Famine, AIDS, and malaria are among Africa’s biggest health problems. Africa is a large continent with many Countries and 800 million people. It is also the poorest continent in the world.

3 African Health Issues Africa had many natural resources before European colonization. Today, however, there is widespread poverty throughout Africa. Many health problems are caused or made worse by poverty. Poverty creates poor living conditions, such as lack of clean water or food.

4 African Health Issues People living in poor conditions often get sick.
They may live in crowded areas that are dirty. They may not have doctors or medicine. People living in poverty may not have the education to know how to stop the spread of disease.

5 Famine in Africa Famine occurs when a region does not have enough food for a long period of time. People who are starving can die from malnutrition. Famines are both human-made and natural. Drought, or lack of rain, makes food scarce because crops die.

6 Famine in Africa Human forces, like wars, can also cause food shortages. People in a region can be without food because its cost is too high. All of these factors have led to famines in Africa.

7 Famine in Africa Famines in Africa today are the result of poor food distribution and poverty. There is enough food on Earth for everyone to eat well. However, many people live where they cannot grow food. People also live where food cannot be easily transported.

8 Famine in Africa Many famines have taken place in the Horn of Africa.
The Horn of Africa is a large peninsula in the northeast region of the continent. Famines in this region include the Ethiopian Famine of the mid-1980s, which is estimated to have killed over a million people. This famine was made worse by high food prices and overpopulation,

9 Famine in Africa On the continent, the risk of famine is highest in Sub-Saharan Africa. Today, Niger, southern Sudan, Somalia, and Zimbabwe are areas with emergency famine status. Africa’s greatest humanitarian crisis is in Darfur, in western Sudan. A humanitarian crisis is one in which many human lives are at risk in a region.

10 Malaria in Africa Malaria is a tropical disease spread by mosquitoes.
Each year, more than one million people die from malaria. Children in Sub-Saharan Africa are most at risk of death from the disease. For instance, malaria is the leading cause of death in children under five in Uganda.

11 Malaria in Africa There is no vaccine against malaria.
However, there are ways to reduce the spread of the disease. Insecticides and mosquito nets can drastically lower the number of infections. Anti-malaria drugs can also help, but they are very expensive.

12 Malaria in Africa Unfortunately many of the regions where the risk of malaria is highest are also poor. People in these areas cannot afford to buy mosquito nets or insecticides to kill mosquitoes. According to the World Health Organization malaria is a disease that is caused by poverty, and it’s a disease that also can lead to poverty.

13 HIV and AIDS in Africa The spread of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) due to infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the most severe health crisis in the world. It is Considered a pandemic, a widespread epidemic HI V/AIDS attacks and destroys the body’s power to fight illness. HIV/AIDS is spread through bodily fluids like blood, semen, and breast milk.

14 HIV and AIDS in Africa Africa has the highest rates of HIV infection in the world. Seventeen million people have died from AIDS on the continent. Over two-thirds of all HIV infections in the world are in Africa. One-third of all AIDS deaths in the world in 2005 occurred in Sub-Saharan Africa.

15 HIV and AIDS in Africa AIDS/HIV is a major threat to the people of Africa. The spread of AIDS lowers the life expectancy of entire populations. Life expectancy is a measure of how long people can expect to live. Over 12 million African children have been orphaned by AIDS.

16 HIV and AIDS in Africa There are drugs that slow down the progress of HIV infection to AIDS. However, there is no cure for AIDS. Education and prevention are the most important tools for fighting AIDS. Africa needs more money to pay for education and prevention programs.

17 Health Issues Health issues in Africa are made worse by unstable politics. In turn, unstable politics contribute to poverty. High death rates due to health crises weaken economies. In this way, the issues of health, economics, and politics are intertwined.

18 Summary Explain how poverty, malaria and HIV/AIDS are a major problem in Africa. (include causes, effects and possible solutions)

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