1914-1918: The World at War chapter 23 1914-1918: The World at War chapter 23
MANIAMANIA ilitarism ilitarism – policy of building up strong military forces to prepare for war llianceslliances - agreements between nations to aid and protect one another ationalismationalism – pride in or devotion to one’s country mperialism mperialism – when one country takes over another country economically and politically ssassinationssassination – murder of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand Causes = MANIA p.758-761MANIA
The Balkans (Ottoman Empire) 1914 “Powder Keg” of Europe Many ethnicities-want their own nations Serbia wanted to form a Slavic State- Austria- Hungary fears this & annex Bosnia & Herzegovina. Angered Serbians-revenge “Powder Keg” of Europe Many ethnicities-want their own nations Serbia wanted to form a Slavic State- Austria- Hungary fears this & annex Bosnia & Herzegovina. Angered Serbians-revenge
Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand killed in Bosnia by a Serbian nationalist. (Believed Bosnia should belong to Serbia.) Bullet proof glass would be a good idea! Gavrilo Princip Guilty!
The Alliance System of 1907 Before WWI Triple Entente: Triple Alliance: Great BritainGermany Austria-Hungary Italy France Russia
The Point of No Return: The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Austria blamed Serbia for Ferdinand’s death & declared war on Serbia July 28 th 1914. Germany pledged support to Austria -Hungary. · example of Pan-German nationalism Russia pledged their support for Serbia. example of Pan-Slavic nationalism
The Point of No Return: 1914 Germany declares war on Russia. August 1 st France pledges their support for Russia. Germany declares war on France. - Germany invades Belgium on the way to France. Great Britain supports Belgium and declares war on Germany.
During WW I 1914 During WW I 1914 Allied Powers: were the Triple Entente Central Powers: Were the triple Alliance Central Powers: Were the triple Alliance Great Britain France Russia Italy Germany Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire