Abbreviations for Sentence Types S= simple sentence F= fragment SCS= simple sentence with compound subject SCV= simple sentence with compound verb SCParts= simple sentence with compound parts CD = Compound sentence CX= complex sentence
What is a Clause? A clause is a group of words that contains both a subject and a verb. A clause can be dependent or independent. An independent clause expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence. A dependent clause may contain a subject and a verb, but it does not express a complete thought. It cannot stand alone as a sentence. Another name for a dependent clause is a subordinate clause. Dependent clause = subordinate clause
Simple Sentence A simple sentence has one independent clause and no dependent clauses. Even a simple sentence can be elaborate, and it may have compound parts. My new puppy climbed onto the couch and chewed the remote control. Can you find the compound parts in the sentence above?
Compound Sentence A compound sentence has two or more independent clauses joined together, but no dependent clauses. There are only two ways to make a compound sentence: 1. They may be joined by a coordinating conjunction (with a comma). 2. They may be joined by a semicolon. My puppy climbed onto the couch, and he tore apart the remote control. OR My puppy climbed onto the couch; he tore into the remote control.
The Complex Sentence A complex sentence is made by joining an independent clause and a subordinate clause together correctly. Each dependent clause starts with words such as after, although, who, which, when, until, where, so that, and since.
Subordinate Conjunction Chart AfterBecauseExceptSo thatThoughWhen AlthoughBeforeIfThanUnlessWhere As, as soon as Even though SinceThatUntilwhile Subordinate conjunctions always introduce a subordinate sentence, the chart below presents the most commonly used ones.
How can I tell the difference between a compound sentence and a complex sentence? A compound sentence is created by a comma followed by a conjunction or a semi-colon A complex sentence is created by using a subordinate conjunction
The Comma Rule for Complex Sentences 1.If the subordinate sentence comes before the independent sentence, a comma is required at the end of the subordinate sentence. EX: When the storm began, we were on the lake. We were on the lake when the storm began. If you place the subordinate clause after the main clause do not use a comma.
The Comma Rule for Complex Sentences 3. Any independent sentence can be made subordinate (dependent) by simply adding a subordinate conjunction to the beginning of that sentence. Subordinate sentences: When we were on the lake If we were on the lake Before we were on the lake
1. Don’t leave your bike out in the rain; it will get rusty. A.Simple B.Compound C.complex
2. Please help your sister with her homework. A.Simple B.Compound C.complex
3. Because the dog begged so desperately, the student couldn’t eat his pizza. A.Simple B.Compound C.complex
4. Julia and Stephanie are working together on a science project. A.Simple B.Compound C.complex
5. Did you find my math book in my locker, or was it on the kitchen table? A.Simple B.Compound C.complex