Presentation on theme: "Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of the United Kingdom, Russia, Germany, and Italy GPS Standard: The student will explain the impact of location,"— Presentation transcript:
1 Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of the United Kingdom, Russia, Germany, and Italy GPS Standard: The student will explain the impact of location, climate, natural resources, and population distribution on Europe.
2 Location of the United Kingdom An island nation with many ports and harbors.Location has helped the U.K become an international banking and insurance centerLocation on Atlantic Ocean helps its trade with U.S.London (capital) has the busiest airport in the world.Population – 61 million
3 The Channel TunnelThe Channel Tunnel is a large tunnel (under the water) which runs between Britain and France, under the Strait of Dover in the English Channel.Great impact on England’s economyThe channel is about 31 miles long. The tunnel is about 131 feet below the sea bed.
4 Climate of the U.K Mild climate with rainfall throughout the year. The gulf stream moves warm water from the Gulf of Mexico up north across the Atlantic to the west coast of the U.K.The Gulf stream makes winters in the U.K much milder.The climate and the land is goodfor farming.(however < 2% are farmers)Over half of the land is used for farms.
5 Think Pair ShareWhy do think most people in the U.K live in urban areas rather than rural?
6 Natural Resources of the U.K Coal, petroleum, natural gas, and iron ore.Fishing is profitable (cod,crabs, and mackerel)Most people live in urban areas to find jobs80% of people work in service industries.
7 Location of Russia In two continents, Europe and Asia European Russia and Asian Russia are separated by the Ural MountainsRussia is unfavorably located in relation to major sea lanes of the world which hurts tradePopulation – 142 million
8 Siberian Tigers – only about 500 in the wild. Climate of RussiaReally only two seasons winter and summer. Average yearly temp is below freezing.Many areas have soil that is permanently frozen (called permafrost)About 73% of population lives in Europe Russia (weather not quite as bad)Asian Russia climate is extremely cold. Temps can be-40 F. Summers are mildIts ports cities are locked by ice most of the year.Siberian Tigers – only about 500 in the wild.
9 Natural Resources of Russia Gold, aluminum ore, coal, and iron are found in the Ural Mountains (lots of factories located here)Oil in SiberiaOver half of the major cities are located on the Volga River.Russia has formidable obstacles of climate, terrain, and distance which hinder exploitation of natural resources.GoldVolga River
10 Summary Writing Answer the question below in paragraph form. How does the location, climate, and natural resources of Russia and the U.K affect their economies?
11 Location of GermanyGermany’s location in center of Europe makes it a crossroad of travel and trade (excellent highway system)Densely populated, most live in urban areasMany cities lie along the Rhine River, which is important for trade.The Alps mountains make transportation more difficult in the South, though they have built tunnels to improve trade.Population – 82 million
12 Climate of Germany Marine climate Gulf stream warms the region The seas also cool the land in the summer.The ocean also brings moisture to the land to produce good cropsEuropean Plains
13 Natural Resources of Germany Coal, iron ore and potash from miningUranium used for nuclear fuel1/3 of the land is arable.Coal helped to build large industrial areas mainly along the Rhine River
14 Location of Italy Northern border is in the Alps Mountains 70% of population lives in urban areas, mostly in North ItalyItaly’s location on Mediterranean sea allows effective trade with Africa, Asia, and other countries in Europe.Population –60 million
15 Climate of Italy Mostly a Mediterranean climate Apennines MtnsMostly a Mediterranean climateMediterranean sea keeps temperatures comfortable most of the year.Dry summersAlps mountains block cold air from the northThe Sahara desert sends warm air from North AfricaAlps and Apennines mountains have snowy winters because of elevationMediterranean SeaAlps
16 Natural Resources of Italy Vineyard in ItalyNatural gas most valuable natural resourceMarble and granite used for construction and artworkGrapes and olives are important cropsFishing industry, (sardines and anchovies) important for the economyAnchovySardines