Presentation on theme: "Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of the United Kingdom & Russia Unit 1 Notes."— Presentation transcript:
1 Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of the United Kingdom & Russia Unit 1 Notes
2 Location of the UKA country of islands off the coast of mainland EuropeMade up of Great Britain, Northern Ireland, Scotland, & WalesLocation makes it a HUB for tradeAcross the English Channel is France, west is the Republic of Ireland, east is the Scandinavian Peninsula10 major ports along UK’s coast!
4 United Kingdom Consists of 4 regions: England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland
5 Location of UKLocation has helped the UK become an international banking & insurance centerHas more foreign bank branches than any country in the worldLocation on the Atlantic Ocean helps it trade with the USUS is the UK’s #1 trading partner!
6 Climate of the UK Mild climate with rainfall throughout the year No section goes without rain for more than 2 weeks!Winters are mild and wet; summers are warmest in the southThe Gulf Stream crosses the Atlantic Ocean & warms the country, making the winters milder than other European countries
8 Natural Resources of the UK Has deposits of coal, petroleum, natural gas, & iron oreForm the backbone of the country’s industry: auto production, steel manufacturing, & shipbuildingOther resources include: zinc, lead, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, gypsum, potash, sand, & slate
9 Natural Resources in UK Manufacturing is declining…Natural resources are being used up and industry is changing to cleaner forms of energyMany people who once had jobs in mining and manufacturing are being retrained for jobs in service industries80% of the people work in service industries (tourism, health care, education, banking, & insurance)
10 Natural Resources in UK Fishing is profitable along the shores of the UKNearly 25% of the country has arable land (fertile; good for farming)Over half of the land is used for farms
14 Location of Russia Spans 2 continents: Europe & Asia! So wide that a train trip across takes a week!Shares a border with 15 countriesEastern side is bound by Pacific OceanNorthern side is bounded by Arctic OceanAt its closest point, Russia & US are only 3 miles apart across Bering Strait!
16 Location of RussiaEuropean Russia is mostly landlocked (difficult for trading via ship)2 exceptions: Murmansk & St. Petersburg
17 Climate of Russia Only has 2 seasons—winter and summer Average yearly temperature is below freezingAsian Russia (Siberia) has the most extreme climatelows -40 degrees & highs over 90 degrees73% of population lives in European Russia (warmer)
18 Natural ResourcesVast forest for lumber are found here, but many have been cleared away for cities on the European sideDeposits of gold, aluminum ore, coal, & iron are found in the Ural MountainsVolga River (largest river in Europe) is a major source of hydroelectricpower
19 Natural ResourcesRussia’s large size, rugged terrain, and cold climate make it difficult for Russians to use their resources
20 Where People Live…Russia is one of the most populous countries in the world, with million people.Land Area: 17,098,242 sq kmMost people live WEST of the Ural mountains, where the climate is mildest and the land is the most fertile.
22 Geographically very different: Comparing UK & RussiaGeographically very different:Russia is larger, with a coastline bordering the Arctic Ocean (ports are frozen much of the year)UK is an island country with a mild climate and many ports accessible all year round
23 Comparing UK & Russia Natural Resources: Both have fossil fuels, like coal & oilUK’s are dwindling, but much of Russia’s coal and oil is untouchable because of the climate & size of the country