Presentation on theme: "SS6G10.b Location, Climate, and Natural Resources"— Presentation transcript:
1 SS6G10.b Location, Climate, and Natural Resources Germany and Italy
2 Key QuestionHow do location, climate, and natural resources affect where people live in Germany?
3 Vocabulary Urban- city; heavily populated areas Rural- country side ; less populated areasDensely populated- many people in an areaMarine climate- warm, humidArable- land good for farmingLandlocked- completely surrounded by land; does not border a body of water
4 Germany’s Location North-central Europe on European Plain Densely populated85% of population live in urban areasLand-3 zones1. Alps is in southern Germany2. Hilly – mountainous (middle)3. Plains (north)4. Rhine River starts in the Alps
5 Where People Live in Germany Population: 82,000,000Germany is one of the most densely populatedcountries in Europe85% of population live in urban areasBerlin is the largest city and capital
6 Rhine River Rhine River- many Germany cities lie along the Rhine trade 800 miles longused for transportation of goods and people
7 Germany- travel and trade excellent highway systemports (exports & imports)airports (14 major airports)Which would be easier for transportation of good, the Alps or the European Plain? Why?
8 Germany’s Climate Marine climate waters of the Gulf Stream warm the region in winter and cool it in the summerproduces good cropsIn the west winters are mild and summers are cool,with rain fall all yearIn the east winters are very coldwith long hot summers with very little rain
11 Italy’s Location Southern Europe Peninsula Northern border-Alps Shares a border with France, Switzerland, Austria, and SloveniaAbout ½ the people in Italy live in the most northern 1/3 of the country.
14 ItalyShips- Long history of trade because of its location on the Mediterranean Sea. It ships to and from Europe and Asia.There are more than 800 ports7 major airports8 major seaportsExcellent highways, bridges, and tunnels
15 Italy’s ClimateMediterranean Climate- temp is comfortable most of the yearDry summers-Rain is rare in summerSea helps it from getting too hot in summer and too cold in winterThe Alps block cold air coming down from the north.The warm dry air form Sahara Desert in northern Africa sends flows into Italy for much of the year.
16 Italy’s Different Climate Zones Mountains- climate changes with the altitude(Alps have snowy winters)South is drier than the northNorthern Italy gets enough rain for growing crops
17 Italy’s Natural Resources Few mineral resourcesNatural gas is the most valued- used to help supply the energy needs of the countryMarble and granite (buildings and artwork)Coal, mercury, zinc, and potash
18 Italy’s Natural Resources Arable landsmall farms cover Italygrow grapes and olivestop wine making countrySeafishing -anchovies and sardines (important to the economy)gather sponges and coral
19 Where People Live in Italy Population: 58,000,0007 out of 10 Italians live in Urban areasAbout ½ of the people of Italy live in the northern 1/3 of the country
20 QuestionsWhat geographic feature makes it more difficult for Italian merchants to trade with countries north of Italy?What has helped Italian merchants become successful traders?Describe the Italian climate.What industry is MOST helped by Italy’s arable land and good amounts of rainfall?What type of climate is found in Germany?What types of resources are found in Germany?Name 2 natural resources found in Italy and 2 found in Germany.Which river starts in the Alps?