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Published byBlanche Cannon
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Translation (Protein Synthesis) RNA protein
Making a protein Many RNAs needed –mRNA, tRNA, rRNA
Messenger RNA (mRNA) Carries coded instructions for protein synthesis (translation) –From the DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome
The genetic code Codons –instructions for making a protein, a series of three nucleotides on the mRNA –Each codon signifies start, stop, or an amino acid
The genetic code
Transfer RNA (tRNA) Brings amino acids to the ribosome so it can build proteins It has Anticodons –3 nucleotide sequence complementary to the mRNA codon
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) Makes up ribosomes
Making a protein mRNA from nucleus Through cytoplasm to the ribosome mRNA start codon AUG signals beginning of protein
Making a protein tRNA with the complementary anticodon carries amino acid (a.a.) to bind to the codon
Making a protein Enzymes help form peptide bonds between amino acids This continues until a stop codon is reached Protein is released into the cell Watch This one too!
Do we need new mRNA every time? NO The same mRNA may be used to make many copies of the same protein.
Mutations Point mutation –Change in one or a few nucleotides
Mutations Substitution –can have no effect –Protein could not be made –Protein made w/ wrong amino acid (nonfunctional protein)
Mutations Insertions/deletions –1 or more nucleotides added or deleted –Can result in frame shift mutations
Chapter 10 How proteins are made.
3 Types of RNA.
DNA Transcription & Protein Translation
From DNA to Protein Section 11.2 Pg
RNA and Protein Synthesis
DNA: Transcription & Translation How do we go from DNA to PROTEIN?
Protein Synthesis Chapter 11.
Traits, such as eye color, are determined By proteins that are built according to The instructions specified in the DNA.
Chapter 13.2 (Pgs ): Ribosomes and Protein Synthesis
RNA & Protein Synthesis Chapter 13. DNA A book of instructions that tells each individual what proteins to make for their needs. The path from genes to.
Protein Synthesis Transcription and Translation DNA Transcription RNA Translation Protein.
Protein Synthesis. The DNA Code It is a universal code. The order of bases along the DNA strand codes for the order in which amino acids are chemically.
Transcription and Translation. What is Transcription? It is a process that produces a complementary strand of RNA by copying a complementary strand of.
RNA and protein synthesis. RNA Single strand of nucleotides Sugar is ribose Uracil instead of thymine.
The Genetic Code.
CFE Higher Biology DNA and the Genome Translation.
Protein Synthesis: DNA CONTAINS THE GENETIC INFORMATION TO PRODUCE PROTEINS BUT MUST FIRST BE CONVERTED TO RND TO DO SO.
BELLRINGER: Draw the following box and fill in the squares, THIRD box on the last bell-ringer page: REPLICATIONTRANSCRIPTION Where in the cell.
Protein Synthesis Transcription. DNA vs. RNA Single stranded Ribose sugar Uracil Anywhere Double stranded Deoxyribose sugar Thymine Nucleus.
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