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“The father of humanistic psychology” Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) ALI DAVOUDI HSB4M.

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Presentation on theme: "“The father of humanistic psychology” Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) ALI DAVOUDI HSB4M."— Presentation transcript:

1 “The father of humanistic psychology” Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) ALI DAVOUDI HSB4M

2 Table of Contents INTRODUCTION ----------------------------------------------------- SLIDE THREE WHAT IS MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS? SLIDE FOUR QUICK GLANCE AT THE HIERARCHY OF NEEDS ----------------- SLIDE FIVE PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS SLIDE SIX SAFETY NEEDS ----------------------------------------------------------- SLIDE SIX BELONGINGNESS AND LOVE NEEDS SLIDE SEVEN ESTEEM NEEDS ----------------------------------------------------- SLIDE SEVEN SELF-ACTUALIZATION NEEDS SLIDE EIGHT CONCLUSION ---------------------------------------------------------- SLIDE NINE CONCLUSION CONCLUSION SLIDE TEN WORK CITED ------------------------------------------------------- SLIDE ELEVEN

3 INTRODUCTION  ABRAHAM HAROLD MASLOW (April 1 st 1908 – June 8 th 1970) was born in New York and raised in California  Was a professor of psychologist at Brandeis University, Brooklyn College, New School for Social Research, and Columbia University  Most famous for creating “Maslow’s hierarchy of needs”  Known as the father of humanistic psychology  Always looked at “the big picture” and believed in paying more attention to the good qualities in everyone

4 What Is Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs?  Maslow’s hierarchy of needs portrays what people’s needs are in life and the different types of needs there are, categorized by what is most important to obtain first  It was introduced first in 1943  Is regularly displayed as a pyramid to clearly show the different layers and what are basic and complex needs  The bottom layer would be the most basic needs and at the peak of the pyramid would be the most complex needs, which would usually be obtained after

5 QUICK GLANCE AT THE HEIRARCHY OF NEEDS (more specific with 7 layers, regularly has 5)

6 LAYERS OF MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS: These are the most basic needs and they are paramount for survival. These are the most important because they must be sought out first before fulfilling other needs. Examples: need for air, water, food, sleep, shelter, etc. SAFETY NEEDS: These are the needs to feel safe and secure. Although they are very important, they must not be fulfilled as immediately as physiological needs and failing to fulfill them is not as dangerous as ignoring the layer of needs below it. Examples: health insurance, financial security, safety in neighborhood, etc.

7 LAYERS OF MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS BELONGINGNESS AND LOVE NEEDS: These are simply the needs to belong and be loved and accepted. In other words, the need for emotional relationships. Failure in obtaining these relationships would result in loneliness and depression. Examples: family, friends, romantic relationships, belonging to a group, etc. ESTEEM NEEDS: After the first three types of needs have been fulfilled, a person needs to get respect and appreciation from others and him/herself and feel valued. The person must build on their self-esteem and confidence and gain motivation. Failing to satisfy these needs could make a person feel inferior. Examples: feeling accomplished, high social status, getting attention and recognition, etc.

8 SELF-ACTUALIZATION NEEDS: These are the last set of needs and as the pyramid hits it’s peak, the person would aim to hit his or hers. Maslow himself explained this stage saying: “What a man can be, he must be.” It is the stage where one would aim for his/her absolute full potential and get as much out of them self as possible. This is very specific for every individual as each person would want something different from their life. Unlike other layers of needs, these set of needs may never be fully satisfied as there is no limit on psychological growth and one can always continue gaining from life. To reach this stage, one must not only satisfy the other needs, but also master them. Examples: following dreams, obtaining wisdom, searching for meaning and truth, personal goals, etc. LAYERS OF MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS

9 CONCLUSION Maslow believed everyone was capable of self-actualizing, but didn’t think most people truly did. His hierarchy of needs gave people a very good idea of specific needs they would have to satisfy to really reach their full potential. One of the people Maslow believed passed every stage of the pyramid was Albert Einstein. Here are some characteristics that can be found in a person who has done the same: are very spontaneous are very creative are very realistic have an unusual sense of humour accept themselves and others for who they are need for privacy appreciate very basic life experiences they have democratic attitudes are problem-centered

10 CONCLUSION If you’d like to try Maslow’s theory with his hierarchy of needs, here are some behaviours that lead to self-actualization: concentrate at all times and absorb everything like a child would be more spontaneous and try new things follow your own beliefs and do not conform be honest be responsible and work hard But Remember that everyone achieves self-actualization in their own way and it’s very personal. Abraham Harold Maslow really changed how we look at self- actualization in psychology and his hierarchy of needs is still studied and used today. Psychology will forever be thankful to him!

11 WORK CITED Bronstein, S.. Maslow’s hierarchy – physiological needs. N.p., 2009. Web. 3 Mar 2012.. Cherry, K.. "Hierarchy of Needs." psychology. New York Times Company, 2011. Web. 3 Mar 2012.. "Maslow's Theory of Motivation - Hierarchy of Needs." Maslow's Theory of Motivation. Envision, 09 Feb. 2012. Web. 03 Mar. 2012.. Cherry, K.. Self-characteristics of self-actualized peopleactualized peoplechy of needs. New York Times Company, 2011. Web. 4 Mar 2012.. Mcleod, S.. "Maslow Hierarchy of Needs." Simple psychology. N.p., 2007. Web. 4 Mar 2012.. Cherry, K.. "Hierarchy of Needs." psychology. New York Times Company, 2011. Web. 4 Mar 2012..


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